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                <button class="button1">Button 1</button>
<button class="button2">Button 2</button>
<button class="button3">Button 3</button>
<button class="button4">Button 4</button>
<button class="button5">Button 5</button>

<!-- note to self:
      Mixin writing tips: do all of your if statements at the begining and save the result as a variable if you can -- this will declutter your code alot -->


                @import "compass/css3";

@import "compass/utilities/color/contrast";

// color-contrast preferences
$contrasted-dark-default: #333333;
$contrasted-light-default: #e7e7e7;
$contrasted-lightness-threshold: 50%;
@mixin button($color, $size) {
  $push-height: 2px;
  $border-color: darken($color, 40%);
  $font-size: 1em;
  // a larger button has a bigger area of movement and font-size
  @if $size == "big" {
    $push-height: 6px;
    $font-size: 1.5em;

  //the following determine how dark to make the bottom-border of the button depending on the lightness of the actual background color of the button
  @if lightness($color) < 20%{
    $border-color: darken($color, 80%);
  @if lightness($color) > 80%{
    $border-color: darken($color, 10%);

  @include contrasted($color); //this is magical
	border: none; //as a reset
  border-bottom: $push-height*2 $border-color solid;
	font-size: $font-size;
	margin-top: 0; //must start at 0 bc movement illusion achieved via margin-top
	padding: 0.4em 2em;
  position: absolute;
	&:hover {
		margin-top: $push-height;
    border-bottom: $push-height $border-color solid;
    background-color: lighten($color, 5%);
	&:active, &:focus {
    outline-color: transparent; //reset styling
    outline-style: none; //reset styling
		border-bottom: none; //reset styling
		margin-top: $push-height*2;

$toad-blue: #93d0ff;
$bowser-red: #741b0b;
$peach-pink: #feb8c6;
$yoshi-green: #3b8f47;
$boo-purple: #2c2d4b;

.button1 {
  @include button($toad-blue, big);

.button2 {
  @include button($bowser-red, small);
  left: 250px;

.button3 {
  @include button($peach-pink, big);
  left: 400px;

.button4 {
  @include button($yoshi-green, small);
  left: 100px;
  top: 100px;

.button5 {
  @include button($boo-purple, big);
  left: 300px;
  top: 100px;