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              <article class="wrapper">

    <h1>Accessible Floating <code>label</code>s</h1>

    <form action="/" method="GET" class="form">

        <label for="name" class="form__label">
            <span class="form__label-text">Your Name</span>
            <input type="text" name="name" id="name" placeholder="Your Name" class="form__text-input">
            <!-- <span class="form__error-text">Your name cannot be empty…</span> -->
        <label for="phone" class="form__label">
            <span class="form__label-text">Phone</span>
            <input type="tel" name="phone" id="phone" placeholder="Phone (555-555-5555)" class="form__text-input">
            <!-- <span class="form__error-text">Phone cannot be empty…</span> -->
        <label for="message" class="form__label">
            <span class="form__label-text">Message</span>
            <textarea name="message" id="message" placeholder="Message, what's on your mind?" class="form__text-input form__textarea"></textarea>
            <!-- <span class="form__error-text">Message cannot be empty…</span> -->
        <button class="form__btn">Submit</button>

    <aside class="note">
        <p>This demo exists to help provide an <strong>accessible</strong> solution for "floating <code>label</code>s" if a design calls for such a requirement.</p>
        <p>For the best usability results, it's recommended to <em>not</em> hide/float form <code>label</code>s. Only do so if you <em>absolutely must</em>. If possible, talk with your designer and come to an agreement on <code>label</code> styling.</p>
        <p>See the article "<a href="https://medium.com/simple-human/floating-labels-are-a-bad-idea-82edb64220f6">Floating labels are problematic</a>" for more details on why this approach is not recommended.</p>

              .form {
    margin: 0 auto;
    max-width: 15rem;

.form__label-text {
    display: inline-block;
    padding: .5rem;
    .js & {
        opacity: 0;
        transform: translateY(50%);
        transition: all .2s ease-in-out;
        &--floating {
            opacity: 1;
            transform: translateY(15%);

.form__text-input {
    border: solid Silver 1px;
    padding: .5rem;
    width: 100%;
    &::placeholder {
        color: #767676;

.form__textarea {
    min-height: 5rem;
    width: 100%;

.form__btn {
    background-color: RoyalBlue;
    border: 0;
    border-radius: .15rem;
    color: White;
    margin-top: 2rem;
    padding: .5rem 1rem;

// …

body {
    margin: 2rem;

a {
    color: RoyalBlue;

h1 {
    line-height: 1;
    margin: 2rem 0 .5rem;
    text-align: center;

code {
    background-color: WhiteSmoke;

.wrapper {
    margin: 0 auto;
    max-width: 30rem;

.note {
    background-color: AliceBlue;
    margin-top: 2rem;
    padding: .5rem 2rem;
              (() => {
    const classes = {
        textInput: '.form__text-input',
        labelText: '.form__label-text',
        labelTextFloating: 'form__label-text--floating'
    const events = {
        blur: 'blur',
        keyUp: 'keyup'
    // Collect all text input controls
    const textInputs = document.querySelectorAll(classes.textInput);

    // Let's float the label when the checked conditions are met
    // for each input event listener
    const floatLabel = (e) => {
        const eventType = e.type;
        const textInput = e.target;
        const labelText = textInput.parentNode.querySelector(classes.labelText);

        // On `keyup`, if there's text in the input, show the label
        if (eventType === events.keyUp && textInput.value.length !== 0) {

        // On `blur`, if there's no text in the input, hide the label
        if (eventType === events.blur && textInput.value.length === 0) {

    // Add `keyup` and `blur` events for each input
    for (const textInput of textInputs) {
        textInput.addEventListener(events.keyUp, floatLabel);
        textInput.addEventListener(events.blur, floatLabel);
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