<div class="fl">
    <button id="gradient-button-transition">Hover over me to transition..</button>
</div>
  
body {
  background: rgb(15 19 22);
  padding: 2rem;
}
    #gradient-button, #gradient-button-transition, #complex-gradient-transition {
        background: linear-gradient(180deg, #ff7147, #e0417f);
        padding: 0.5rem 1.5rem;
        transition: all 0.1s ease-out;
        font-variation-settings: 'wght' 500;
        height: auto;
        border-radius: 100px;
        border: none;
        color: white;
        font-size: 1.25rem;
        box-shadow: none;
        transform: scale(1);
        margin: 0 0 2rem 1rem;
    }

    #gradient-button:hover {
        background: linear-gradient(45deg, #0037ff, #00adff);
        transform: scale(1.1);
    }
    #gradient-button-transition:hover {
        transform: scale(1.1);
    }
    let complexTransitionTime = 3000    // <-- for complex animation
    let transitionTime = 1000           // <-- 100 ms - time our animation will last
    let previousTime, start = 0;        // <-- stores data on animation
    let angle = 180;                    // <-- angle of gradient
    let animationDirection = 'forwards' // <-- stores the animation direction
    let complexAnDirection = 'forwards' // <-- for continuous animation
    let element = 'gradient-button-transition'; // <-- id of our button
    let intervalFrame;                          // <-- stores the interval frame
    let complexIntervalFrame;                   // <-- for 'always on' gradient transition
    let currentPct = 0;                         // <-- current percentage through the animation
    let complexCurrentPct = 0;                  // <-- current pct for complex animation
    let elapsed = 0;                            // <-- number of frames which have ellapsed 
    let complexElapsed = 0;                     // <-- complex elapsed time
    
    // GRADIENT COLORS
    const gradientStopOne = [
        { pct: 0,  color: { r: 255, g: 113, b: 71 } }, // The first color in your gradient
        { pct: 100, color: { r: 0, g: 55, b: 255 } }   // The color you want your first color to transition to
    ];
    const gradientStopTwo = [
        { pct: 0,  color: { r: 224, g: 65, b: 127 } }, // The second color in your gradient
        { pct: 100, color: { r: 0, g: 173, b: 255 } }  // The color you want your second color to transition to
    ]
    const complexGradientOne = [
        { pct: 0,  color: { r: 224, g: 65, b: 127 } }, 
        { pct: 33, color: { r: 0, g: 173, b: 255 } },
        { pct: 66, color: { r: 203, g: 252, b: 5 } },
        { pct: 100, color: { r: 98, g: 5, b: 252 } }
    ]
    const complexGradientTwo = [
        { pct: 0,  color: { r: 255, g: 113, b: 71 } },
        { pct: 33,  color: { r: 0, g: 55, b: 255 } },
        { pct: 66, color: { r:30, g: 177, b: 7 } },
        { pct: 100, color: { r:228, g: 44, b: 200 } }
    ]
    // Apply our gradient programmatically so we can completely manipulate the gradient from JS rather than CSS
    let c1 = gradientStopOne[0].color;
    let c2 = gradientStopTwo[0].color;
    document.getElementById('gradient-button-transition').style.background = `linear-gradient(${angle}deg, rgb(${c1.r}, ${c1.g}, ${c1.b}), rgb(${c2.r}, ${c2.g}, ${c2.b}))`;
   
    // This function transitions between two rgb colors
    const getColor = function(pct, colorSet) {
        for (var i = 1; i < colorSet.length - 1; i++) {
            if (pct < colorSet[i].pct) {
                break;
            }
        }
        // This conversion figures out the transition between two rgb values
        var lower = colorSet[i - 1];
        var upper = colorSet[i];
        var range = upper.pct - lower.pct;
        var rangePct = (pct - lower.pct) / range;
        var pctLower = 1 - rangePct;
        var pctUpper = rangePct;
        var color = {
            r: Math.floor(lower.color.r * pctLower + upper.color.r * pctUpper),
            g: Math.floor(lower.color.g * pctLower + upper.color.g * pctUpper),
            b: Math.floor(lower.color.b * pctLower + upper.color.b * pctUpper)
        };
        // And returns the rgb code
        return `rgb(${color.r}, ${color.g}, ${color.b})`;
    }

    // This is our animation which we run on hover
    const animateGradient = function() {
        if(intervalFrame === undefined) {
            intervalFrame = setInterval(() => {
                let time = transitionTime / 1000; // time in seconds
                let numberOfFrames = time * 60; // 60 frames per second -> 1 second = 60 frames
                
                // If the animation is going forward
                if(animationDirection === 'forwards') {
                    // Add 1 to elapsed
                    elapsed += 1;
                    // The elapsed frames out of max frames
                    currentPct = Math.min(elapsed / numberOfFrames, 1) * 100;
                }
                else {
                    // Otherwise we're going back - subtract 1 from ellapsed
                    elapsed -= 1;
                    // The elapsed frames out of max frames
                    currentPct = Math.max(elapsed / numberOfFrames, 0) * 100;
                }
                
                // Calculate current color in this time for each gradient color
                let colorOne = getColor(currentPct, gradientStopOne);
                let colorTwo = getColor(currentPct, gradientStopTwo);

                // Generate CSS string
                let generateGradient = `linear-gradient(${angle}deg, ${colorOne}, ${colorTwo})`;

                // Add it to our background.
                document.getElementById(element).style.backgroundImage = generateGradient;

                // End the interval when we're done
                if(currentPct === 100 || currentPct === 0) {
                    clearInterval(intervalFrame);
                    intervalFrame = undefined;
                }
            }, 16.667); // 60 frames per second
        }
    };

    // This is our animation which we run on hover
    const complexGradientAnimation = function() {
        if(complexIntervalFrame === undefined) {
            complexIntervalFrame = setInterval(() => {
                let time = complexTransitionTime / 1000;
                let numberOfFrames = time * 60; // 60 frames per second -> 1 second = 60 frames
                
                if(complexCurrentPct >= 100) {
                    complexAnDirection = 'backwards';
                }
                else if(complexCurrentPct <= 0) {
                    complexAnDirection = 'forwards';
                }
                // If the animation is going forward
                if(complexAnDirection == 'forwards') {
                    // Add 1 to elapsed
                    complexElapsed += 1;
                    // The elapsed frames out of max frames
                    complexCurrentPct = Math.min(complexElapsed / numberOfFrames, 1) * 100;
                }
                else if(complexAnDirection === 'backwards') {
                    // Otherwise we're going back - subtract 1 from ellapsed
                    complexElapsed -= 1;
                    // The elapsed frames out of max frames
                    complexCurrentPct = Math.max(complexElapsed / numberOfFrames, 0) * 100;
                }

                // Calculate current color in this time for each gradient color
                let colorOne = getColor(complexCurrentPct, complexGradientOne);
                let colorTwo = getColor(complexCurrentPct, complexGradientTwo);

                // Generate CSS string
                let generateGradient = `linear-gradient(${angle}deg, ${colorOne}, ${colorTwo})`;

                // Add it to our background.
                document.getElementById('complex-gradient-transition').style.backgroundImage = generateGradient;

            }, 16.667); // 60 frames per second
        }
    };

    // On hover, run our animation
    document.getElementById('gradient-button-transition').addEventListener('mouseover', function() {
        animationDirection = 'forwards';
        animateGradient();
    });
    // On hover out, run our animation again, but backwards
    document.getElementById('gradient-button-transition').addEventListener('mouseleave', function() {
        animationDirection = 'backwards';
        animateGradient();
    });
    
    complexGradientAnimation();

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