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Here you can Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla. Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit sit amet non magna. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Praesent commodo cursus magna, vel scelerisque nisl consectetur et.

              <div id="page">

      <div class="menu">
        <button class="btn" type="button" id="modal_open">Open the Modal</button>

      <article class="content-area">

          Demo:<br />
          An accessible Modal Window with JavaScript &amp; CSS
        <p class='bigger'>
          <b>Note</b> - There's a new version of this script that you can find on my <a href="https://github.com/scottaohara/accessible_modal_window">github page</a>.

          This modal window is made with plain old semantic mark-up, CSS and
          a very little bit of JavaScript.

          Check out the <a href="https://codepen.io/scottohara/pen/lIdfv">source code on codepen</a> to see how it works!

        <form action="#">
          <label for="test" class="label">Label for Input</label>
          <input type="text" id="test" class="input" />

          <label for="test2" class="label">Label for Second Input</label>
          <input type="text" id="test2" class="input" />

          <label for="test3" class="label">Label for Third Input</label>
          <input type="text" id="test3" class="input" />

          Here's a link to the
          <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modal_window">wikipedia entry on modal windows</a>.
      </article> <!-- end .content-area -->
    </div> <!-- end #page -->

    <div class="modal-overlay" id="modal_window"
             aria-hidden="true" role="dialog"

      <div class="modal-content" id="modal_holder" role="document">

          <h1 id="modal_title">Modal Title</h1>
            <label for="name">Name:</label>
            <input type="text" id="name" class="input" placeholder="Gimmie ur Name" />

            <label for="email">Email:</label>
            <input type="email" id="email" class="input" placeholder="Gimmie ur Email" />

            <input type="submit" class='btn' value="Submit Form" />

        <button class="btn-close" id="modal_close" type="button" aria-label="close">

      </div> <!-- end .modal-content -->

    </div> <!-- end .modal-overlay -->
  Modal Overlay
.modal-overlay {
  height: 100%;
  left: 0;
  display: flex;
  overflow: auto;
  padding: 1.5em;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  transition: opacity .2s;
  width: 100%;
  z-index: -1;

.modal-overlay[aria-hidden="true"] {
  opacity: 0;
  visibility: hidden;

.modal-overlay[aria-hidden="false"] {
  opacity: 1;
  visibility: visible;
  z-index: 2;

  Modal Content Area
.modal-content {
  background: #efefef;
  margin: auto;
  max-width: 800px;
  overflow: auto;
  overflow-x: hidden;
  padding: 1.5em;
  position: relative;
  transform: scale(.8);
  transition: transform .3s;
  width: 100%;

.modal-overlay[aria-hidden="false"] .modal-content {
  transform: scale(1);

  General Modal Content
#modal-title {
  margin-top: 0;
  padding-right: 1.25em;

  Close Modal Button
.btn-close {
  background: none;
  border: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-family: arial;
  font-size: 2em;
  font-weight: 800;
  line-height: 1;
  padding: 0;
  position: absolute;
  right: .25em;
  top: .25em;
  z-index: 2;

.btn-close:hover {
  color: #c12f48;

.btn-close:focus {
  outline: 1px dotted;


  This is here purely for demo styling


*, *:after, *:before {
  -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: arial;

body, html {
  background: #fafafa;
  color: #450c13;
  font-size: 20px;
  line-height: 1.3;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  -moz-text-size-adjust: 100%;
  -ms-text-size-adjust: 100%;
  -webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%;
  text-rendering: optimizeLegibility;

a {
  color: #921c2b;

a:hover {
  color: #c12f48;

.content-area {
  margin: auto;
  max-width: 900px;
  padding: 20px;

.menu {
  background: #fff;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #bbb;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 12px 8px 0;
  text-align: center;

input[type="button"] {

input::-moz-focus-inner {
  border: 0;
  padding: 0;

.modal-content:focus {
  outline: 1px solid #ccc;
  box-shadow: 0 0 4px #e8a1ad;

.btn {
  background: #921c2b;
  border: 1px solid #4d0912;
  color: #fff;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-size: 1em;
  line-height: 1;
  margin-bottom: 12px;
  padding: 16px 24px;
  position: relative;
  text-align: center;
  transition: transform .2s, background .2s;

.btn:hover, .btn:focus {
  background: #c12f48;
  transform: scale(1.1);
  z-index: 3;

label {
  display: inline-block;
  font-size: 1.5em;
  font-weight: bold;
  margin-bottom: .5em;

.input {
  border: 1px solid #333;
  display: block;
  font-size: 1.4em;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
  min-width: 230px;
  padding: 8px;
  width: 100%;

.bigger {
  font-size: 1.4em;
  outline: 2px solid;
  outline-offset: 8px;
see latest version at:

// helper function to place modal window as the first child
// of the #page node
var m = document.getElementById('modal_window'),
    p = document.getElementById('page');

function swap () {
  p.parentNode.insertBefore(m, p);


// modal window
(function() {

  'use strict';

  // list out the vars
  var mOverlay = getId('modal_window'),
      mOpen = getId('modal_open'),
      mClose = getId('modal_close'),
      modal = getId('modal_holder'),
      allNodes = document.querySelectorAll("*"),
      modalOpen = false,

  // Let's cut down on what we need to type to get an ID
  function getId ( id ) {
    return document.getElementById(id);

  // Let's open the modal
  function modalShow () {
    lastFocus = document.activeElement;
    mOverlay.setAttribute('aria-hidden', 'false');
    modalOpen = true;
    modal.setAttribute('tabindex', '0');

  // binds to both the button click and the escape key to close the modal window
  // but only if modalOpen is set to true
  function modalClose ( event ) {
    if (modalOpen && ( !event.keyCode || event.keyCode === 27 ) ) {
      mOverlay.setAttribute('aria-hidden', 'true');
      modal.setAttribute('tabindex', '-1');
      modalOpen = false;

  // Restrict focus to the modal window when it's open.
  // Tabbing will just loop through the whole modal.
  // Shift + Tab will allow backup to the top of the modal,
  // and then stop.
  function focusRestrict ( event ) {
    if ( modalOpen && !modal.contains( event.target ) ) {

  // Close modal window by clicking on the overlay
  mOverlay.addEventListener('click', function( e ) {
    if (e.target == modal.parentNode) {
       modalClose( e );
  }, false);

  // open modal by btn click/hit
  mOpen.addEventListener('click', modalShow);

  // close modal by btn click/hit
  mClose.addEventListener('click', modalClose);

  // close modal by keydown, but only if modal is open
  document.addEventListener('keydown', modalClose);

  // restrict tab focus on elements only inside modal window
  for (i = 0; i < allNodes.length; i++) {
    allNodes.item(i).addEventListener('focus', focusRestrict);


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