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Here you can Sed posuere consectetur est at lobortis. Donec ullamcorper nulla non metus auctor fringilla. Maecenas sed diam eget risus varius blandit sit amet non magna. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Praesent commodo cursus magna, vel scelerisque nisl consectetur et.

 * 等待指定的时间/等待指定表达式成立
 * 如果未指定等待条件则立刻执行
 * 注: 此实现在 nodejs 10- 会存在宏任务与微任务的问题,切记 async-await 本质上还是 Promise 的语法糖,实际上并非真正的同步函数!!!即便在浏览器,也不要依赖于这种特性。
 * @param param 等待时间/等待条件
 * @returns Promise 对象
function wait(param) {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    if (typeof param === 'number') {
      setTimeout(resolve, param)
    } else if (typeof param === 'function') {
      const timer = setInterval(() => {
        if (param()) {
      }, 100)
    } else {

 * 将一个异步函数包装为具有时序的异步函数
 * 注: 该函数会按照调用顺序依次返回结果,后面的执行的调用(不是调用结果)需要等待前面的,此函数适用于异步函数的内里执行也必须保证顺序时使用,否则请使用 {@link mergeMap} 函数
 * 注: 该函数其实相当于调用 {@code asyncLimiting(fn, {limit: 1})} 函数
 * 例如即时保存文档到服务器,当然要等待上一次的请求结束才能请求下一次,不然数据库保存的数据就存在谬误了
 * @param fn 一个普通的异步函数
 * @returns 包装后的函数
function concatMap(fn) {
  // 当前执行的异步操作 id
  let id = 0
  // 所执行的异步操作 id 列表
  const ids = new Set()
  return new Proxy(fn, {
    async apply(_, _this, args) {
      const temp = id
      await wait(() => !ids.has(temp - 1))
      const prom = Reflect.apply(_, _this, args)
      return await prom

;(async () => {
  // 模拟一个异步请求,接受参数并返回它,然后等待指定的时间
  async function get(ms) {
    await wait(ms)
    return ms
  const fn = concatMap(get)
  let last = 0
  let sum = 0
  await Promise.all([
    fn(30).then(res => {
      last = res
      sum += res
    fn(20).then(res => {
      last = res
      sum += res
    fn(10).then(res => {
      last = res
      sum += res
  // 实际上确实执行了 3 次,然而结果并不是 3 次调用参数之和,因为前两次的结果均被抛弃,实际上返回了最后一次发送请求的结果

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