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                <h1>The advantages of the template element</h1>

  <h2>Using <code>document.createElement</code></h2>
  <div id="container1" class="grid"></div>

  <h2>Using <code>&lt;template></code></h2>
  <div id="container2" class="grid"></div>

  This template won't be rendered at first
  It waits here until we clone it from our JS and append a copy to the page
<template id="articleTemplate">
  <article class="card">
    <img alt="" class="card__image">
    <div class="card__body">
      <h3 class="card__title"></h3>


                * {
  box-sizing: border-box;

body {
  max-width: 80rem;
  margin: 0 auto; /* center the 80rem wide container within the page */
  padding: 2rem;
  font-family: system-ui;

section {
  margin-top: 4rem;

.grid {
  display: grid;
  /* create an automatic grid that fits as many columns that are at least 14rem wide as possible */
  grid-template-columns: repeat(auto-fit, minmax(14rem, 1fr));
  grid-gap: 2rem;

.card {
  border-radius: 8px;
  /* two layered box shadows give a more natural floaty effect */
    0 2px 2px hsla(180, 10%, 20%, 0.2),
    0 8px 20px hsla(180, 10%, 20%, 0.3); 
  overflow: hidden; /* stop the image poking out of the top at the rounded corners */

.card__image {
  width: 100%;
  object-fit: cover; /* stops the image getting squished as the card's size changes */

.card__body {
  padding: 1rem;

.card__title {
  margin: 0;
  line-height: 1;
  text-transform: capitalize; /* make the first letter of each word uppercase */


                // an array of data we want to render to the DOM
const articles = [
    title: "my nice article",
      "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptatibus, omnis!",
    image: "",
    title: "another article",
      "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptatibus, omnis!",
    image: "",
    title: "so many articles",
      "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptatibus, omnis!",
    image: "",
    title: "my nice article",
      "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Voluptatibus, omnis!",
    image: "",

const containerElement1 = document.querySelector("#container1");

// this function uses standard createElement to do DOM manipulation
// it'll only get longer as we add more stuff to the card element 🙃
function createCard(article) {
  const { title, summary, image } = article;
  // create all the elements we need and set their properties based on the data passed in to this function
  const articleElement = document.createElement("article");
  const bodyElement = document.createElement("div");
  const titleElement = document.createElement("h2");
  titleElement.textContent = title;
  const imageElement = document.createElement("img");
  imageElement.src = image;
  imageElement.alt = "";
  const summaryElement = document.createElement("p");
  summaryElement.textContent = summary;
  // put each child element into the parent <article>
  // put the <article> onto the page

const containerElement2 = document.querySelector("#container2");

// this function uses the <template> defined in the HTML
// it'll only get longer if we need to add more dynamic properties
function createCardUsingTemplate(article) {
  const { title, summary, image } = article;
  // get the template for articles (from the HTML)
  const template = document.querySelector("#articleTemplate");
  // clone the content of the template (returns a DocumentFragment)
  const domFragment = template.content.cloneNode(true);
  // we only need to add the dynamic properties inside the fragment
  // since all the static ones (e.g. styling classNames) are set in the template
  domFragment.querySelector("h3").textContent = title;
  domFragment.querySelector("img").src = image;
  domFragment.querySelector("p").textContent = summary;
  // put the fragment onto the page