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HTML

              
                <div id="page-wrapper">
  <h1>requestAnimationFrame Demo</h1>

  <div class="controls">
    <button type="button" id="startBtn">Start Animation</button>
    <button type="button" id="stopBtn">Stop Animation</button>
    <button type="button" id="resetBtn">Reset</button>
  </div>

  <canvas id="stage" width="640" height="100"></canvas>
</div>
              
            
!

CSS

              
                html {
  font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
  font-size: 100%;
  background: #333;
}

#page-wrapper {
  width: 640px;
  background: #FFFFFF;
  padding: 1em;
  margin: 1em auto;
  border-top: 5px solid #69c773;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 10px rgba(0,0,0,0.8);
}

h1 {
  margin-top: 0;
}

canvas {
  background: #EEE;
}

.controls {
  margin: 1em 0;
}

button {
  display: inline-block;
  border-radius: 3px;
  border: none;
  font-size: 0.9rem;
  padding: 0.4rem 0.8em;
  background: #69c773;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #498b50;
  color: white;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  font-weight: bold;
  margin: 0 0.25rem;
  text-align: center;
}

button:hover, button:focus {
  opacity: 0.75;
  cursor: pointer;
}

button:active {
  opacity: 1;
  box-shadow: 0 -3px 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1) inset;
}

              
            
!

JS

              
                // http://paulirish.com/2011/requestanimationframe-for-smart-animating/
// http://my.opera.com/emoller/blog/2011/12/20/requestanimationframe-for-smart-er-animating
 
// requestAnimationFrame polyfill by Erik Möller. fixes from Paul Irish and Tino Zijdel
 
// MIT license
 
(function() {
    var lastTime = 0;
    var vendors = ['ms', 'moz', 'webkit', 'o'];
    for(var x = 0; x < vendors.length && !window.requestAnimationFrame; ++x) {
        window.requestAnimationFrame = window[vendors[x]+'RequestAnimationFrame'];
        window.cancelAnimationFrame = window[vendors[x]+'CancelAnimationFrame'] 
                                   || window[vendors[x]+'CancelRequestAnimationFrame'];
    }
 
    if (!window.requestAnimationFrame)
        window.requestAnimationFrame = function(callback, element) {
            var currTime = new Date().getTime();
            var timeToCall = Math.max(0, 16 - (currTime - lastTime));
            var id = window.setTimeout(function() { callback(currTime + timeToCall); }, 
              timeToCall);
            lastTime = currTime + timeToCall;
            return id;
        };
 
    if (!window.cancelAnimationFrame)
        window.cancelAnimationFrame = function(id) {
            clearTimeout(id);
        };
}());


(function() {

	// Get the buttons.
	var startBtn = document.getElementById('startBtn');
	var stopBtn = document.getElementById('stopBtn');
	var resetBtn = document.getElementById('resetBtn');

	// A variable to store the requestID.
	var requestID;

	// Canvas
	var canvas = document.getElementById('stage');

	// 2d Drawing Context.
	var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

	// Set the fill style for the drawing context.
	ctx.fillStyle = '#212121';

	// Variables to for the drawing position and object.
	var posX = 0;
	var boxWidth = 50;
	var pixelsPerFrame = 5; // How many pixels the box should move per frame.

	// Draw the initial box on the canvas.
	ctx.fillRect(posX, 0, boxWidth, canvas.height);


	// Animate.
	function animate() {
		requestID = requestAnimationFrame(animate);

		// If the box has not reached the end draw on the canvas.
		// Otherwise stop the animation.
		if (posX <= (canvas.width - boxWidth)) {
			ctx.clearRect((posX - pixelsPerFrame), 0, boxWidth, canvas.height);
			ctx.fillRect(posX, 0, boxWidth, canvas.height);
			posX += pixelsPerFrame;
		} else {
			cancelAnimationFrame(requestID);
		}
	}


	// Event listener for the start button.
	startBtn.addEventListener('click', function(e) {
		e.preventDefault();

		// Start the animation.
		requestID = requestAnimationFrame(animate);
	});


	// Event listener for the stop button.
	stopBtn.addEventListener('click', function(e) {
		e.preventDefault();

		// Stop the animation;
		cancelAnimationFrame(requestID);
	});


	// Event listener for the reset button.
	resetBtn.addEventListener('click', function(e) {
		e.preventDefault();

		// Reset the X position to 0.
		posX = 0;

		// Clear the canvas.
		ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);

		// Draw the initial box on the canvas.
		ctx.fillRect(posX, 0, boxWidth, canvas.height);
	});

}());

              
            
!
999px

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