cssAudio - Activefile-genericCSS - ActiveGeneric - ActiveHTML - ActiveImage - ActiveJS - ActiveSVG - ActiveText - Activefile-genericVideo - ActiveLovehtmlicon-new-collectionicon-personicon-teamlog-outoctocatpop-outspinnerstartv

Pen Settings

CSS Base

Vendor Prefixing

Add External Stylesheets/Pens

Any URL's added here will be added as <link>s in order, and before the CSS in the editor. If you link to another Pen, it will include the CSS from that Pen. If the preprocessor matches, it will attempt to combine them before processing.

+ add another resource

You're using npm packages, so we've auto-selected Babel for you here, which we require to process imports and make it all work. If you need to use a different JavaScript preprocessor, remove the packages in the npm tab.

Add External Scripts/Pens

Any URL's added here will be added as <script>s in order, and run before the JavaScript in the editor. You can use the URL of any other Pen and it will include the JavaScript from that Pen.

+ add another resource

Use npm Packages

We can make npm packages available for you to use in your JavaScript. We use webpack to prepare them and make them available to import. We'll also process your JavaScript with Babel.

⚠️ This feature can only be used by logged in users.

Code Indentation

     

Save Automatically?

If active, Pens will autosave every 30 seconds after being saved once.

Auto-Updating Preview

If enabled, the preview panel updates automatically as you code. If disabled, use the "Run" button to update.

            
              <div id="errors" style="
  background: #c00;
  color: #fff;
  display: none;
  margin: -20px -20px 20px;
  padding: 20px;
  white-space: pre-wrap;
"></div>
<div id="root"></div>
<script>
window.addEventListener('mousedown', function(e) {
  document.body.classList.add('mouse-navigation');
  document.body.classList.remove('kbd-navigation');
});
window.addEventListener('keydown', function(e) {
  if (e.keyCode === 9) {
    document.body.classList.add('kbd-navigation');
    document.body.classList.remove('mouse-navigation');
  }
});
window.addEventListener('click', function(e) {
  if (e.target.tagName === 'A' && e.target.getAttribute('href') === '#') {
    e.preventDefault();
  }
});
window.onerror = function(message, source, line, col, error) {
  var text = error ? error.stack || error : message + ' (at ' + source + ':' + line + ':' + col + ')';
  errors.textContent += text + '\n';
  errors.style.display = '';
};
console.error = (function(old) {
  return function error() {
    errors.textContent += Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments).join(' ') + '\n';
    errors.style.display = '';
    old.apply(this, arguments);
  }
})(console.error);
</script>

            
          
!
            
              body {
  font: 14px "Century Gothic", Futura, sans-serif;
  margin: 20px;
}

ol, ul {
  padding-left: 30px;
}

.board-row:after {
  clear: both;
  content: "";
  display: table;
}

.status {
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}

.square {
  background: #fff;
  border: 1px solid #999;
  float: left;
  font-size: 24px;
  font-weight: bold;
  line-height: 34px;
  height: 34px;
  margin-right: -1px;
  margin-top: -1px;
  padding: 0;
  text-align: center;
  width: 34px;
}

.square:focus {
  outline: none;
}

.move-highlight {
  font-weight: bold;
}

.kbd-navigation .square:focus {
  background: #ddd;
}

.game {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: row;
}

.game-info {
  margin-left: 20px;
}

            
          
!
            
              // simple functional component: display a value
function Square(props) {
  return (
    <button className="square" onClick={props.onClick}>
      {props.value}
    </button>
  );
}

// Board component: render 9 squares
class Board extends React.Component {
  
  renderSquare(i) {
    return (
      <Square
        value={this.props.squares[i]}
        onClick={() => this.props.onClick(i)}
      />
    );
  }
  
  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(0)}
          {this.renderSquare(1)}
          {this.renderSquare(2)}
        </div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(3)}
          {this.renderSquare(4)}
          {this.renderSquare(5)}
        </div>
        <div className="board-row">
          {this.renderSquare(6)}
          {this.renderSquare(7)}
          {this.renderSquare(8)}
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

// main Game component: game and click handler logic
class Game extends React.Component {
  
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      history: [{                           // a history of all squares in the game
        squares: Array(9).fill(null),
      }],
      stepNumber: 0,                        // index into history; which step we are viewing
      xIsNext: true,                        // true if X player is next
    };
  }
  
  handleClick(i) {
    const history = this.state.history.slice(0, this.state.stepNumber + 1);
    const current = history[history.length - 1];
    const squares = current.squares.slice(); // clone current squares Array
    
    // test for invalid click
    if (calculateWinner(squares)) {
      console.log("game is already won");
      return;
    }
    if (squares[i]) {
      console.log("square is already taken");
      return;
    }
    // click is valid
    
    // modify new squares Array and concat it to history
    squares[i] = this.state.xIsNext ? 'X' : 'O';
    this.setState({
      history: history.concat([{
        squares: squares,
      }]),
      stepNumber: history.length,
      xIsNext: !this.state.xIsNext, // toggle
    });
  }
  
  jumpTo(step) {
    this.setState({
      stepNumber: step,
      xIsNext: (step % 2) === 0,
    });
  }

  render() {
    const history = this.state.history;
    const current = history[this.state.stepNumber];
    const winner = calculateWinner(current.squares);

    // calculate status
    let status;
    if (winner) {
      status = 'Winner: ' + winner;
    } else {
      status = 'Next Player: ' + (this.state.xIsNext ? 'X' : 'O');
    }
    
    // calculate moves
    const moves = history.map((step, move) => {
      const desc = move ?
        'Go to move #' + move     // move is non-zero
          + ": " + moveAsString(history[move-1].squares,step.squares) :
        'Go to game start';       // move is zero
      const cn = (move === this.state.stepNumber) ? "move-highlight" : "move-no-highlight";
      return (
        <li key={move} className={cn}>
          <button onClick={() => this.jumpTo(move)}>{desc}</button>
        </li>
      );
    });
    
    return (
      <div className="game">
        <div className="game-board">
          <Board
            squares={current.squares}
            onClick={(i) => this.handleClick(i)}
          />
        </div>
        <div className="game-info">
          <div>{status}</div>
          <ol>{moves}</ol>
        </div>
      </div>
    );
  }
}

// return the character of the winner or null if there is none
function calculateWinner(squares) {
  const lines = [
    [0, 1, 2],
    [3, 4, 5],
    [6, 7, 8],
    [0, 3, 6],
    [1, 4, 7],
    [2, 5, 8],
    [0, 4, 8],
    [2, 4, 6],
  ];
  for (let i = 0; i < lines.length; i++) {
    const [a, b, c] = lines[i];
    if (squares[a] && squares[a] === squares[b] && squares[a] === squares[c]) {
      return squares[a];
    }
  }
  return null;
}

/**
 * return the new move as a String "(col, row)"
 *
 * @param squares1  first squares state
 * @param squares2  second squares state
 */
function moveAsString(squares1, squares2) {
  // find first non-matching index
  for (let i=0; i < squares1.length && i < squares2.length; i++) {
    if (squares1[i] !== squares2[i]) { 
      const col = (i % 3) + 1;
      const row = Math.floor(i / 3) + 1;
      return `(${col},${row})`;
    }
  }
  return "()";
}

// ========================================

// insert the Game component as a child of 'root'
ReactDOM.render(
  <Game />,
  document.getElementById('root')
);

            
          
!
999px
🕑 One or more of the npm packages you are using needs to be built. You're the first person to ever need it! We're building it right now and your preview will start updating again when it's ready.
Loading ..................

Console