<div id='bodybox'>
  <div id='chatborder'>
    <p id="chatlog7" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog6" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog5" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog4" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog3" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog2" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <p id="chatlog1" class="chatlog">&nbsp;</p>
    <input type="text" name="chat" id="chatbox" placeholder="Hi there! Type here to talk to me." onfocus="placeHolder()">
  <h2>Build a Chatbot</h2>
  <p>Write a program that responds to the user's text input.</p>
  <ul style="list-style-type:disc">
    <li>Input strings of text from the user.</li>
    <li>Output different strings of text in response.</li>
    <li>Here is my attempt:  <a href="https://codepen.io/lilgreenland/pen/zqXLeJ">notbot</a>
  <h3><p>How to Use This Template!</p></h3>
  <p>Fork this template!</p>
  <p>The template has several functions that allow you to focus on programming the chatbot's behavoir. It will read in the user's strings from the input box. It will keep a record of every message and display the last few messages above the input box.</p>
  <p>To control what the chatbot will say make changes to the javascript function <b>chatbotResponse()</b> . You can also change the HTML or CSS. There is no need to keep these directions.</p>
  <p>The variable <b>lastUserMessage</b> is a string that records the last thing typed.</p>
  <p>The variable <b>botMessage</b> is a string that controls what the chatbot will say.</p>
  <pre><code>if (lastUserMessage === 'hi'){
  botMessage = 'Howdy!';
  <pre><code>if (lastUserMessage === 'what is your name'){
  botMessage = 'My name is' + botName;

  <p>Narrow the range of topics the chatbot responds to, like an adventure time chatbot.</p>
  <p>Customize the html and CSS to fit your theme.</p>
  <p>If you only have a few responses, tell the user what commands work.</p>
  <p>Use a <a href="https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_switch.asp">switch statement</a> to simplify a large number of if else branches.</p>

  <h3><p>Advanced Ideas</p></h3>
  <p>Use the <a href="https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_tolowercase.asp">.tolowercase()</a> command to ignore capitalization.</p>
  <p>Make variables to keep track of what's been said. Use those variables in an If stement to produce a new set of responses.</p>

  <p>Respond to the users by using what they said. For example:</p>
  <pre><b>User:</b> I like puppies
<b>Chatbot:</b> Tell me more about puppies.</pre>

  <p>Use the <a href="https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_obj_date.asp">date</a> function to answer questions like "what time is it?".</p>
  <p>Calculator Mathbot?</p>
  <p>Canvas drawbot!</p>
  <p>Write a text adventure game. Like <a href="http://www.web-adventures.org/">these</a>.</p>
  <p>Build an array with several similar responses and have the chatbot pick one at random, like this:
    <pre><code>var hi = ['hi','howdy','hello','hey'];
botMessage = hi[Math.floor(Math.random()*(hi.length))];</pre></code></p>
  <p>Use <a href="https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_regexp.asp">regular expressions</a> for powerful searches.  Here is my <a href="https://codepen.io/lilgreenland/pen/YGENqK?editors=0010">example</a></p>

  <p>Regular expressions can search in a way similar to a google search. This example searches for words that are cat-like. It also ignores capitalization and looks for the words preceded and followed by spaces.</p>
  <pre><code>var n = lastUserMessage.search(/\b(cat|cats|kitten|feline)\b/i);
if (n !== -1) {
  botMessage = 'I hate cats!';
} </pre></code>

  <p>Here is an example that looks for ways to say dog as singular or plural. It then repeats back the dog related word to the user.</p>
  <pre><code>var patt = /\b(dogs?|pup(s|py|pies?)?|canines?)\b/i;
var result = patt.exec(lastUserMessage);
if (result) {
  botMessage = 'I love ' + result[0];
} </pre></code>
  <ul style="list-style-type:disc">
    <li><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_strings.asp">tutorial on strings</a></li>
    <li><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_string_methods.asp">string methods</a></li>
    <li><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_obj_string.asp">string reference</a></li>
    <li><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/js/js_regexp.asp">regular expressions tutorial</a></li>
    <li><a href="https://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_obj_regexp.asp">W3 schools regular expressions reference</a></li>
    <li><a href="https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Guide/Regular_Expressions">MDN regular expressions reference</a></li>
    <li><a href="http://regexr.com/">Testing your regular expressions</a></li>
  <center><img src="https://lilgreenland.github.io/images/BMO.jpg" align="middle"></center>
body {
  font: 15px arial, sans-serif;
  background-color: #d9d9d9;
  padding-top: 15px;
  padding-bottom: 15px;

#bodybox {
  margin: auto;
  max-width: 550px;
  font: 15px arial, sans-serif;
  background-color: white;
  border-style: solid;
  border-width: 1px;
  padding-top: 20px;
  padding-bottom: 25px;
  padding-right: 25px;
  padding-left: 25px;
  box-shadow: 5px 5px 5px grey;
  border-radius: 15px;

#chatborder {
  border-style: solid;
  background-color: #f6f9f6;
  border-width: 3px;
  margin-top: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  margin-left: 20px;
  margin-right: 20px;
  padding-top: 10px;
  padding-bottom: 15px;
  padding-right: 20px;
  padding-left: 15px;
  border-radius: 15px;

.chatlog {
   font: 15px arial, sans-serif;

#chatbox {
  font: 17px arial, sans-serif;
  height: 22px;
  width: 100%;

h1 {
  margin: auto;

pre {
  background-color: #f0f0f0;
  margin-left: 20px;

var messages = [], //array that hold the record of each string in chat
  lastUserMessage = "", //keeps track of the most recent input string from the user
  botMessage = "", //var keeps track of what the chatbot is going to say
  botName = 'Chatbot', //name of the chatbot
  talking = true; //when false the speach function doesn't work
//edit this function to change what the chatbot says
function chatbotResponse() {
  talking = true;
  botMessage = "I'm confused"; //the default message

  if (lastUserMessage === 'hi' || lastUserMessage =='hello') {
    const hi = ['hi','howdy','hello']
    botMessage = hi[Math.floor(Math.random()*(hi.length))];;

  if (lastUserMessage === 'name') {
    botMessage = 'My name is ' + botName;
//this runs each time enter is pressed.
//It controls the overall input and output
function newEntry() {
  //if the message from the user isn't empty then run 
  if (document.getElementById("chatbox").value != "") {
    //pulls the value from the chatbox ands sets it to lastUserMessage
    lastUserMessage = document.getElementById("chatbox").value;
    //sets the chat box to be clear
    document.getElementById("chatbox").value = "";
    //adds the value of the chatbox to the array messages
    //Speech(lastUserMessage);  //says what the user typed outloud
    //sets the variable botMessage in response to lastUserMessage
    //add the chatbot's name and message to the array messages
    messages.push("<b>" + botName + ":</b> " + botMessage);
    // says the message using the text to speech function written below
    //outputs the last few array elements of messages to html
    for (var i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
      if (messages[messages.length - i])
        document.getElementById("chatlog" + i).innerHTML = messages[messages.length - i];

//text to Speech
function Speech(say) {
  if ('speechSynthesis' in window && talking) {
    var utterance = new SpeechSynthesisUtterance(say);
    //msg.voice = voices[10]; // Note: some voices don't support altering params
    //msg.voiceURI = 'native';
    //utterance.volume = 1; // 0 to 1
    //utterance.rate = 0.1; // 0.1 to 10
    //utterance.pitch = 1; //0 to 2
    //utterance.text = 'Hello World';
    //utterance.lang = 'en-US';

//runs the keypress() function when a key is pressed
document.onkeypress = keyPress;
//if the key pressed is 'enter' runs the function newEntry()
function keyPress(e) {
  var x = e || window.event;
  var key = (x.keyCode || x.which);
  if (key == 13 || key == 3) {
    //runs this function when enter is pressed
  if (key == 38) {
      //document.getElementById("chatbox").value = lastUserMessage;

//clears the placeholder text ion the chatbox
//this function is set to run when the users brings focus to the chatbox, by clicking on it
function placeHolder() {
  document.getElementById("chatbox").placeholder = "";

External CSS

This Pen doesn't use any external CSS resources.

External JavaScript

  1. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/464612/nlp_compromise.min.js