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HTML

              
                <!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Sku 多维属性状态判断</title>
    <script src="http://misc.360buyimg.com/jdf/lib/jquery-1.6.4.js"></script>
    <style>
        body {
            font-size: 12px;
        }
        dt {
            width: 100px;
            text-align: right;
        }
        dl {
            clear: both;
            overflow:hidden;
        }
        dl.hl {
            background:#ddd;
        }
        dt, dd {
            float:left;
            height: 40px;
            line-height: 40px;
            margin-left: 10px;
        }
        button {
            font-size: 14px;
            font-weight: bold;
            padding: 4px 4px;
        }
        .disabled {
            color:#999;
            border: 1px dashed #666;
        }
        .active {
            color: red;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<p>
    <textarea id="data_area" cols="100" rows="10">
[
   { "颜色": "红", "尺码": "大", "型号": "A", "skuId": "3158055" },
   { "颜色": "白", "尺码": "大", "型号": "A", "skuId": "3158054" },
   { "颜色": "白", "尺码": "中", "型号": "B", "skuId": "3133859" },
   { "颜色": "蓝", "尺码": "小", "型号": "C", "skuId": "3516833" }
]
    </textarea>
</p>
<p>
    <input onclick="updateData()" type="button" value="更新数据">
</p>

<hr>

<div id="app"></div>

<hr>

<div id="msg"></div>

<script>
var data = JSON.parse($('#data_area').val())

var res = {}

var spliter = '\u2299'
var r = {}
var keys = []
var selectedCache = []

/**
 * 计算组合数据
 */
function combineAttr(data, keys) {
    var allKeys = []
    var result = {}

    for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
        var item = data[i]
        var values = []

        for (var j = 0; j < keys.length; j++) {
            var key = keys[j]
            if (!result[key]) result[key] = []
            if (result[key].indexOf(item[key]) < 0) result[key].push(item[key])
            values.push(item[key])
        }
        allKeys.push({
            path: values.join(spliter),
            sku: item['skuId']
        })
    }
    return {
        result: result,
        items: allKeys
    }
}

/**
 * 渲染 DOM 结构
 */
function render(data) {
    var output = ''
    for (var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
        var key = keys[i];
        var items = data[key]

        output += '<dl data-type="'+ key +'" data-idx="'+ i +'">'
        output += '<dt>'+ key +':</dt>'
        output += '<dd>'
        for (var j = 0; j < items.length; j++) {
            var item = items[j]
            var cName = j == 0 ? 'active' : ''
            if (j == 0) { selectedCache.push(item) }
            output += '<button data-title="'+ item +'" class="'+ cName +'" value="'+ item +'">'+ item +'</button> '
        }
        output += '</dd>'
        output += '</dl>'
    }
    output += '</dl>'

    $('#app').html(output)
}

function getAllKeys(arr) {
    var result = []
    for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) { result.push(arr[i].path) }
    return result
}

/**
 * 取得集合的所有子集「幂集」
 arr = [1,2,3]

     i = 0, ps = [[]]:
         j = 0; j < ps.length => j < 1:
             i=0, j=0 ps.push(ps[0].concat(arr[0])) => ps.push([].concat(1)) => [1]
                      ps = [[], [1]]

     i = 1, ps = [[], [1]] :
         j = 0; j < ps.length => j < 2
             i=1, j=0 ps.push(ps[0].concat(arr[1])) => ps.push([].concat(2))  => [2]
             i=1, j=1 ps.push(ps[1].concat(arr[1])) => ps.push([1].concat(2)) => [1,2]
                      ps = [[], [1], [2], [1,2]]

     i = 2, ps = [[], [1], [2], [1,2]]
         j = 0; j < ps.length => j < 4
             i=2, j=0 ps.push(ps[0].concat(arr[2])) => ps.push([3])    => [3]
             i=2, j=1 ps.push(ps[1].concat(arr[2])) => ps.push([1, 3]) => [1, 3]
             i=2, j=2 ps.push(ps[2].concat(arr[2])) => ps.push([2, 3]) => [2, 3]
             i=2, j=3 ps.push(ps[3].concat(arr[2])) => ps.push([2, 3]) => [1, 2, 3]
                      ps = [[], [1], [2], [1,2], [3], [1, 3], [2, 3], [1, 2, 3]]
 */
function powerset(arr) {
    var ps = [[]];
    for (var i=0; i < arr.length; i++) {
        for (var j = 0, len = ps.length; j < len; j++) {
            ps.push(ps[j].concat(arr[i]));
        }
    }
    return ps;
}
/**
 * 生成所有子集是否可选、库存状态 map
 */
function buildResult(items) {
    var allKeys = getAllKeys(items)

    for (var i = 0; i < allKeys.length; i++) {
        var curr = allKeys[i]
        var sku = items[i].sku
        var values = curr.split(spliter)

        // var allSets = getAllSets(values)
        var allSets = powerset(values)

        // 每个组合的子集
        for (var j = 0; j < allSets.length; j++) {
            var set = allSets[j]
            var key = set.join(spliter)

            if (res[key]) {
                res[key].skus.push(sku)
            } else {
                res[key] = {
                    skus: [sku]
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

function trimSpliter(str, spliter) {
    // ⊙abc⊙ => abc
    // ⊙a⊙⊙b⊙c⊙ => a⊙b⊙c
    var reLeft        = new RegExp('^' + spliter + '+', 'g');
    var reRight       = new RegExp(spliter + '+$', 'g');
    var reSpliter = new RegExp(spliter + '+', 'g');
    return str.replace(reLeft, '')
        .replace(reRight, '')
        .replace(reSpliter, spliter)
}

/**
 * 获取当前选中的属性
 */
function getSelectedItem() {
    var result = []
    $('dl[data-type]').each(function () {
        var $selected = $(this).find('.active')
        if ($selected.length) {
            result.push($selected.val())
        } else {
            result.push('')
        }
    })

    return result
}

/**
 * 更新所有属性状态
 */
function updateStatus(selected) {
    for (var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
        var key = keys[i];
        var data = r.result[key]
        var hasActive = !!selected[i]
        var copy = selected.slice()

        for (var j = 0; j < data.length; j++) {
            var item = data[j]
            if (selected[i] == item) continue
            copy[i] = item

            var curr = trimSpliter(copy.join(spliter), spliter)
            var $item = $('dl').filter('[data-type="'+ key +'"]').find('[value="'+ item +'"]')

            var titleStr = '['+ copy.join('-') +']'

            if (res[curr]) {
                $item.removeClass('disabled')
                setTitle($item.get(0))
            } else {
                $item.addClass('disabled').attr('title', titleStr + ' 无此属性搭配')
            }
        }
    }
}

/**
 * 正常属性点击
 */
function handleNormalClick($this) {
    $this.siblings().removeClass('active')
    $this.addClass('active')
}

/**
 * 无效属性点击
 */
function handleDisableClick($this) {
    var $currAttr = $this.parents('dl').eq(0)
    var idx = $currAttr.data('idx')
    var type = $currAttr.data('type')
    var value = $this.val()

    $this.removeClass('disabled')
    selectedCache[idx] = value

    console.log(selectedCache)
    // 清空高亮行的已选属性状态(因为更新的时候默认会跳过已选状态)
    $('dl').not($currAttr).find('button').removeClass('active')
    updateStatus(getSelectedItem())
    
    /**
     * 恢复原来已选属性
     * 遍历所有非当前属性行
     *   1. 与 selectedCache 对比
     *   2. 如果要恢复的属性存在(非 disable)且 和当前*未高亮行*已选择属性的*可组合*),高亮原来已选择的属性且更新
     *   3. 否则什么也不做
     */
    for (var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
        var item = keys[i]
        var $curr = $('dl[data-type="'+ item +'"]')
        if (item == type) continue

        var $lastSelected = $curr.find('button[value="'+ selectedCache[i] +'"]')

        // 缓存的已选属性没有 disabled (可以被选择)
        if (!$lastSelected.hasClass('disabled')) {
            $lastSelected.addClass('active')
          	updateStatus(getSelectedItem())
        }
    }

}

/**
 * 高亮当前属性区
 */
function highLighAttr() {
    for (var i = 0; i < keys.length; i++) {
        var key = keys[i]
        var $curr = $('dl[data-type="'+ key +'"]')
        if ($curr.find('.active').length < 1) {
            $curr.addClass('hl')
        } else {
            $curr.removeClass('hl')
        }
    }
}

function bindEvent() {
    $('#app').undelegate().delegate('button', 'click', function (e) {
        var $this = $(this)

        var isActive = $this.hasClass('.active')
        var isDisable = $this.hasClass('disabled')

        if (!isActive) {
            handleNormalClick($this)

            if (isDisable) {
                handleDisableClick($this)
            } else {
                selectedCache[$this.parents('dl').eq(0).data('idx')] = $this.val()
            }
            updateStatus(getSelectedItem())
            highLighAttr()
            showResult()
        }
    })

    $('button').each(function () {
        var value = $(this).val()

        if (!res[value] && !$(this).hasClass('active')) {
            $(this).addClass('disabled')
        }
    })
}

function showResult() {
    var result = getSelectedItem()
    var s = []

    for (var i = 0; i < result.length; i++) {
        var item = result[i];
        if (!!item) {
            s.push(item)
        }
    }

    if (s.length == keys.length) {
        var curr = res[s.join(spliter)]

        if (curr) {
            s = s.concat(curr.skus)
        }
        $('#msg').html('已选择:' + s.join('\u3000-\u3000'))
    }
}

function updateData() {
    data = JSON.parse($('#data_area').val())
    init(data)
}

function setTitle(el) {
    var title = $(el).data('title');
    if (title) $(el).attr('title', title);
}
function setAllTitle() {
    $('#app').find('button').each(setTitle)
}

function init(data) {
    res = {}
    r = {}
    keys = []
    selectedCache = []

    for (var attr_key in data[0]) {
        if (!data[0].hasOwnProperty(attr_key)) continue;
        if (attr_key != 'skuId') keys.push(attr_key)
    }
    setAllTitle();

    r = combineAttr(data, keys)

    render(r.result)

    buildResult(r.items)

    updateStatus(getSelectedItem())
    showResult()

    bindEvent()
}

init(data)


</script>

</body>
</html>
              
            
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