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HTML

              
                <head>
  <title>A Tribute to Victor of Aveyron</title>
</head>
<body>
  <div>
  <h1>Victor of Aveyron</h1>
    <h2>the true founder of special education.</h2>
  </div>
  <div>
  <p>Jean Marc Gaspard Itard is typically credited with founding the field of special education for disabled children. However, a young boy named Victor was the true founder of this field and others, and his contributions should be recognized and commended.</p>
<a title="Victor's portrait from the front cover of the book about him." href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AVictor_of_Aveyron.jpg" target="_blank"><img width="256" alt="Victor of Aveyron" src="https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Victor_of_Aveyron.jpg"/></a>
  </div>
  <div>
  <ul>
    <li>Victor lived in the small town of Aveyron, France, and it is believed that he was born around 1788.</li>
    <li>Victor had been seen living in the woods as a child. Several attempts to capture him failed, because Victor would run away and return to the woods.</li>
    <li>Reports are conflicting, but in 1800, Victor was either captured or  willingly emerged from the woods permanently, and became a subject of study and speculation.</li>
    <li>Little is known about his childhood, but it is estimated that he had been living alone in the woods without human contact for most of his life. Experts believe he may have been developmentally or psychiatrically disabled, and that he may have been abused and abandoned by his parents around the age four or five.</li>
    <li>Victor could hear, but he was nonverbal, and so was taken to the National Institute of the Deaf in Paris, in order to be studied by Roch-Ambroise Cucurron Sicard. Sicard and his group the Society of Observers of Man believed that they could prove language was what differentiated humans from animals, if they were able to study Victor and teach him to speak.</li>
    <li>When studying Victor did not yield the results Sicard expected, Victor was abandoned at an institution. Victor stayed there until Itard, a medical student who believed empathy and language was what differentiated humans from animals, adopted Victor in order to teach him the ability to speak and express emotion.</li>
    <li>Victor learned limited spoken and written language skills under Itard's care, but experienced and expressed empathy, such as when he comforted a recently widowed housekeeper.</li>
    <li>Victor died in 1828 around age 40, at the home of the widowed housekeeper he'd comforted as a child.</li>   
  </ul>
    </div>
  <div>
  <p>Without Victor, Itard never could have advanced his career and research the way he did. Itard published his many observations of Victor, and is considered to have created the first special education and behavioral modification techniques. Itard was also credited with founding otolaryngology (the field of medicine concerned with the ear, nose, and throat) and the controversial field of oralism (the practice of teaching Deaf students through oral language instead of sign language).</p>
  <p>Over time, experts have speculated that Victor may have been autistic or profoundly mentally ill. Experts have also posthumously criticized Itard for not attempting to teach Victor sign language.</p>
   <p>Historically, people with disabilities have been exploited, abused, killed, used for entertainment, and scientifically studied and analyzed without our consent. Victor likely did not consent to being research subject, and there is no way to know if he would have consented if given the opportunity, but his vital and priceless contributions should be recognized and commended.</p>
  <p>You can learn more about Victor via <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_of_Aveyron" target="_blank">Wikipedia</a>.</p>
  </div>
  <div>
<p>Created by <a href="http://jmf.codes/" target="_blank">jmf.codes</a> with the encouragement of <a href="https://www.freecodecamp.org/challenges/build-a-tribute-page" target="_blank">Free Code Camp</a>, which I highly recommend.</p></div>
</body>
              
            
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CSS

              
                body {
  font-family: Monospace;
  display: block;
  margin-left: auto 5%;
  margin-right: auto 5%;
  padding: 5%;
  width: 75%;
  }
img {
  display: block;
  margin-left: auto;
  margin-right: auto;
  width: 35%;
}
h1, h2 {
  text-align: center;
  font-weight: bold;
}
p {
  padding: 2%;
  font-size: large;
}
ul {
  list-style-type: square;
  list-style-position: inside;
}
li {
  padding: 0.5%;
  font-size: large;
}
a {
  color: rgba(64,64,64,0.7);
  font-weight: bold;
}
a:active, a:hover {
  color: rgba(64,64,64,0.7);
  text-decoration: underline;
}
a:visited {
  color: rgba(64,64,64);
}
              
            
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JS

              
                
              
            
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