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<title>Tribute Page</title>

<!-- This is the area of the h1 and h3 site tile -->	
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		<h1 class="text-primary text-center" meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">Nelson Mandela</h1> 
		<h3 class="text-center">The love for freedom and peace</h3>
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	<h2 class="text-center">His Timeline Towards Freedom</h2>
	<div id="timeline" class="container-fluid">	
			   <li><strong>1918</strong>  July 18th: Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela is born a member of the Madiba clan. His tribal name, "Rolihalah," means "troublemaker." He is later given his English name, Nelson, by a teacher at his school</li>

			  <li><strong>1919</strong>	 His father is dispossessed of his land and money on the orders of a white magistrate</li>
			  <li><strong>1927</strong>  His father dies. The acting chief of the Thembu clan, Jongintaba Dalindyebo becomes his guardian and ensures he receives an excellent education</li>
			  <li><strong>1937</strong>  Moves to Healdtown attending the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort. </li>
			  <li><strong>1939</strong>  Asked to leave Fort Hare due to his involvement in a boycott of the Students'Representative Council against the university policies;<br>   Asked to leave Fort Hare due to his involvement in a boycott of the Students' Representative Council against the university policies;<br>  Moves to Johannesburg to escape an arranged marriage and experiences the system of apartheid which forbade the black population to vote, travel without permission or own land;<br>  Worked as a guard at a mine and then clerk at a law firm;<br>  Completed his degree via a correspondence course at the University of South Africa;<br>  Studies Law at the University of Witwatersrand whilst living in Alexandra</li>
			  <li><strong>1943</strong>  Joins the African National Congress (ANC) as an activist.</li>
			  <li><strong>1944</strong>	 Forms the Youth League of the ANC with Oliver Tambo and Walter Sislu<br> Marries his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase. The couple had three children but the marriage breaks up in 1957</li>
			 <li><strong>1948</strong>  South African government (Afrikaner-dominated National Party) limits the freedom of black Africans even more when the apartheid policy of racial segregation is introduced across the country</li>
			 <li><strong>1952</strong>  Opens the first black legal firm in South Africa with fellow lawyer Oliver Tambo providing free or low-cost legal counsel to many blacks who would otherwise have been without legal representation.<br>  Mandela was prominent in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign</li>
			 <li><strong>1955</strong>	Freedom Charter adopted at the Congress of the People calling for equal rights and a program of the anti-apartheid cause</li>
			 <li><strong>1956</strong>	December 5th Accused of conspiring to overthrow the South African state by violent means with 155 other political activists and charged with high treason.</li>
			 <li><strong>1957</strong>  His marriage of 13 years to his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase breaks up</li>
			 <li><strong>1958</strong>  Marries Nomzamo "Winnie" Madikizela, a social worker, and the couple have two children. (Their marriage ended in separation in April 1992 and divorce in March 1996.)</li>   
			 <li><strong>1959</strong>  Parliament passes new laws extending racial segregation by creating separate homelands for  major black groups in South Africa<br>  The ANC loses most of its financial and militant support when members break away to form the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) under Potlako Leballo and Robert Sobukwe</li> 
			<li><strong>1960</strong>  Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 69 peaceful protestors and the ANC is banned; <br>Mandela goes into hiding and forms an underground military group with armed resistance

			 <li><strong>1961</strong>  Issues a call to arms and becomes the ANC leader of the newly formed Umkhontoat guerrilla movement at the All-In African Conference</li>

			 <li><strong>1962</strong> 	August 5: Arrested after living on the run for seventeen months and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.

			<li><strong>1962</strong>  October 25the: Nelson Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison but again goes on the run</li>

			 <li><strong>1964</strong>  June 12th: Captured and convicted of sabotage and treason and sentenced to life imprisonment at the age of 46, initially on Robben island where he would be kept for 18 years</li>

			 <li><strong>1965</strong>  Rhodesia gains its independence and only whites are represented in the new government</li>
			<li><strong>1968</strong>  His mother dies and his eldest son is killed in a car crash but he not allowed to attend either of the funerals</li>

			<li><strong>1974</strong>  Rhodesia expelled from united nations due to the policy of apartheid </li>
			<li><strong>1976</strong>  Over 600 students killed in protests at Soweto and Sharpeville</li>

			<li><strong>1977</strong>  Steve Biko, the leader of the protests, is killed whilst in police custody.</li>

			<li><strong>1980</strong>  	The exiled Oliver Tambo launches an international campaign for the release of his friend

			<li><strong>1983</strong>  The government allows farmers to re-arm and protect themselves from black dissidents</li>
			<li><strong>1984</strong>  	Government sources state that declared that since 1983 black dissidents have murdered 120, mutilated 25, raped 47 and committed 284 robberies</li>
			<li><strong>1986</strong>  	Sanctions against South Africa tightened costing millions in revenue</li>
			<li><strong>1988</strong> 	Amnesty is announced for all dissidents, 122 surrender.</li>

			<li><strong>1990</strong>  February 11th Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years; <br>  President De Klerk lifts the ban on the African National Congress (ANC);
			<br>The ANC and the white National Party begin talks on forming a multi-racial democracy for South Africa.</li>

			<li><strong>1991</strong>  Becomes President of the African National Congress (ANC); <br>  Becomes President of the African National Congress ( ANC ); <br>The International Olympics Committee lift a 21 year ban on South African athletes competing in the Olympic Games.</li>
			<li><strong>1992</strong>  April:  Separates from Winnie Mandela after she is convicted of kidnapping and being an accessory to assault.</li>

			<li><strong>1993</strong>  March:  Divorces Winnie Mandela;  <br>	March:  Divorces Winnie Mandela;
			<br>Nelson Mandela and Mr de Klerk are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.</li>

			<li><strong>1995</strong>  South Africa hosts the 1995 Rugby World Cup and South Africa wins. Nelson Mandela wears a Springbok shirt when he presents the trophy to Afrikaner captain Francois Pienaar. This gesture was seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.</li>

			<li><strong>1998</strong>  Marries Graca Machel, the widow of the former president of Mozambique, on his 80th birthday;<br> 	Marries Graca Machel, the widow of the former president of Mozambique, on his 80th birthday;<br> Tours Canada.</li>
			<li><strong>1999</strong>  Relinquishes presidency in favor of Thabo Mbeki, who was nominated ANC president in 1997; <br> Toured the world as a global statesman.

			<li><strong>2000</strong>  Appointed as mediator in the civil war in Burundi.</li>

			<li><strong>2001</strong> Nelson Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer with radiation; <br> Made an honorary Canadian citizen.

			<li><strong>2003</strong>  Attacked the foreign policy of the George W. Bush; <br> Later that same year, he lent his support to the 46664 AIDS fundraising campaign. The initiative was named after his prison number</li>

			<li><strong>2004</strong>  June: Nelson Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life at the age of 85; <br> July: Flew to Bangkok to speak at the XV International AIDS Conference <br>   July 23rd: Johannesburg bestowed its highest honour by granting Nelson Mandela the freedom of the city.</li>
			<li><strong>2013</strong>  After suffering from a prolonged respiratory infection, Mandela died on December 5th, 2013 at the age of 95.</li> 

	<p class="text-center" id="wikiparagraph"><strong>Read more about him at<strong><a href= "" target="_blank"> Wikipedia</a>.</p>
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				 <p id="quote">"He made us realize, we are our brothers' keeper and that our brothers come in all colors."</p>
				 <footer>Muhammad Ali<cite title="Source Title"></cite></footer>
			<img align="middle botton" class="img-circle img-responsive" alt="Muhammad-Ali" src=",cs_srgb,dpr_1.0,h_1200,q_80,w_1200/MTE5NTU2MzE2MTM4ODY2MTg3.jpg">
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		<p id="designed-by" class="text-center"> Designed by JJ Brooks<code>&#169;</code> 2016</p>	





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