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HTML

              
                <!-- Read the full post on <caption> <th> at https://jen4web.substack.com/p/caption  -->

<h1>Examples:</h1>
<h2>#1: As seen on Substack</h2>
<table>
  <caption>Table 1: Date, time, and temperature recordings in Watertown, Massachusetts</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Date</th>
    <th>Time</th>
    <th>Temperature</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
     <td><time datetime="2021-04-22">April 22</time></td>
     <td><time datetime="11:00">11 AM</time></td>
     <td>50&deg;F/10&deg;C</td>
   </tr> 
</table>

<table>
  <caption>Table 1: Date, time, and temperature recordings in Watertown, Massachusetts</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Date</th>
    <td><time datetime="2021-04-22">April 22</time></td>
    <td><time datetime="2021-04-23">April 23</time></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
     <th>Time</th>
     <td><time datetime="13:00">1 PM</time></td>
     <td><time datetime="11:00">11 AM</time></td>
   </tr> 
  <tr>
     <th>Temperature</th>
     <td>50&deg;F/10&deg;C</td>
     <td>60&deg;F/16&deg;C</td>
   </tr> 
</table>

<h2>#2: Basic</h2>

<table>
  <caption>Electric cars with the longest range</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Rating</th>
    <th>Model</th>
    <th>Description</th>
    <th>Range</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>1</td>
    <td>2021 Tesla Model S</td>
    <td>Performance all-wheel drive with 19-inch wheels</td>
    <td>387 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>2</td>
    <td>2021 Tesla Model X</td>
    <td>Long Range Plus RWD</td>
    <td>371 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>3</td>
    <td>2021 Tesla Model 3</td>   
    <td>Long Range AWD</td>
    <td>353 mile</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>4</td>
    <td>2021 Tesla Model Y</td>
    <td>Long Range RWD</td>
    <td>326 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>5</td>
    <td>2021 Ford Mustang Mach-E</td>
    <td>RWD</td>
    <td>305 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>6</td>
    <td>2021 Chevrolet Bolt EV</td>
    <td></td>
    <td>259 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>7</td>
    <td>2021 Hyundai Kona Electric</td>
    <td></td>
    <td>258 miles</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>8</td>
    <td>2021 Volkswagen ID.4</td>
    <td>1st Edition RWD</td>
    <td>250 miles</td>
  </tr>
</table>

<!-- https://www.cars.com/articles/electric-vehicles-with-the-longest-range-422227/ -->

<h2>#3: Using colspan and rowspan</h2>
<!-- check the CSS for all kinds of styling ideas -->

<table class="example-2">
  <caption>Fifth grade school schedule</caption>
  <tr>
    <!-- cell with no data must still be included in the table, to properly align the cells to come -->
    <td></td>
    <th scope="col">Monday</th>
    <th scope="col">Tuesday</th>
    <th scope="col">Wednesday</th>
    <th scope="col">Thursday</th>
    <th scope="col">Friday</th>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">9 AM</th>
    <td colspan="5">Homeroom</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">10 AM</th>
    <td>Library</td>
    <td>Art</td>
    <td>Music</td>
    <td>Gym</td>
    <td>Spanish</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">11 AM</th>
    <td colspan="5">Math</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">12 PM</th>
    <td colspan="5">Lunch</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">1 PM</th>
    <td colspan="5">Recess</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">1:30 PM</th>
    <td>Science</td>
    <td>Science</td>
    <td>Social Studies</td>
    <td>Social Studies</td>
    <td rowspan="2">Book club</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <th scope="row">2 PM</th>
    <td>Reading</td>
    <td>Reading</td>
    <td>SEL<sup>*</sup></td>
    <td>SEL<sup>*</sup></td>
  </tr>
</table>

<footer>
  <p><small>* social and emotional learning</small></p>
</footer>
              
            
!

CSS

              
                body {
  font-family: Arial, sans-serif;
  font-size: 1.2rem;
}
/* tables without any styling don't show off the tablular data as well - some simple styling included so you can see the pieces - comment these declarations out to see what we mean */
table {
  border-collapse: collapse;
}
/* added th to this style to add border and control alignment */
td, th {
  border: 1px solid black;
  padding: 0.5em;
  text-align: left;
}
th {
  background-color: #fed330;
}
caption {
  text-align: left;
  margin-top: 2rem;
  font-weight: bold;
}
/* exceptions for example 2 */
.example-2 td {
  text-align: center;
}
.example-2 th {
  background-color: #fa8231;
  color: white;
}
.example-2 th:first-child {
  /* selects the first "column" by selecting the first child in each row, which is a heading */
  background-color: #2d98da;
}
.example-2 tr:nth-child(even) {
  /* for even number rows... 
  Remember the first row counts, even though it's got th instead of td */
  background-color: #d1d8e0;
}
.example-2 tr:first-child td:first-child {
  /* first cell in the first row... */
  background-color: black;
}
.example-2 caption {
  caption-side: bottom;
  margin-top: 0;
  border: 1px solid black;
  border-top: none;
  padding: 0.5rem;
  background-color: #8854d0;
  color: white;
}

              
            
!

JS

              
                /* 

💯 This challenge is certified 100% free of JavaScript. 

ALL THE GOOD STUFF IS IN THE HTML BLOCK :-D

*/
              
            
!
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