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HTML

              
                <button type="button" class="ripple btn">
  <i class="btn__icon">
    <svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24">
      <path d="M11.99 2C6.47 2 2 6.48 2 12s4.47 10 9.99 10C17.52 22 22 17.52 22 12S17.52 2 11.99 2zm6.93 6h-2.95c-.32-1.25-.78-2.45-1.38-3.56 1.84.63 3.37 1.91 4.33 3.56zM12 4.04c.83 1.2 1.48 2.53 1.91 3.96h-3.82c.43-1.43 1.08-2.76 1.91-3.96zM4.26 14C4.1 13.36 4 12.69 4 12s.1-1.36.26-2h3.38c-.08.66-.14 1.32-.14 2 0 .68.06 1.34.14 2H4.26zm.82 2h2.95c.32 1.25.78 2.45 1.38 3.56-1.84-.63-3.37-1.9-4.33-3.56zm2.95-8H5.08c.96-1.66 2.49-2.93 4.33-3.56C8.81 5.55 8.35 6.75 8.03 8zM12 19.96c-.83-1.2-1.48-2.53-1.91-3.96h3.82c-.43 1.43-1.08 2.76-1.91 3.96zM14.34 14H9.66c-.09-.66-.16-1.32-.16-2 0-.68.07-1.35.16-2h4.68c.09.65.16 1.32.16 2 0 .68-.07 1.34-.16 2zm.25 5.56c.6-1.11 1.06-2.31 1.38-3.56h2.95c-.96 1.65-2.49 2.93-4.33 3.56zM16.36 14c.08-.66.14-1.32.14-2 0-.68-.06-1.34-.14-2h3.38c.16.64.26 1.31.26 2s-.1 1.36-.26 2h-3.38z" fill="currentColor"/>
    </svg>
  </i>
  <span class="btn__label">Change Language</span>
  <div class="ripple__inner"></div>
</button>
              
            
!

CSS

              
                .ripple {
  z-index: 0;
  position: relative;

  & > &__inner:empty {
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    z-index: -9999;
    overflow: hidden;
    position: absolute;
    
    &::after {
      content: '';
      position: absolute;
      border-radius: 50%;
      background: lighten(#000, 92.5%);

      top: var(--ripple-center-y, 0);
      left: var(--ripple-center-x, 0);
      width: var(--ripple-diameter, 0);
      height: var(--ripple-diameter, 0);
      opacity: var(--ripple-opacity, 0);
      transform: scale(var(--ripple-scale, 0));
    }
  }
}

.btn {
  margin: 100px auto;
  color: #6a7a7a;
  cursor: pointer;
  background: #f8f8f8;
  // background: transparent;
  padding: 0.5rem 0.75rem;
  border: 1px solid #d4dbdb;
  border-radius: 5px;
  outline: none;
  -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
  
  max-width: 200px;
  display: block;
  overflow: hidden;
  white-space: nowrap;
  text-overflow: ellipsis;
  
  svg {
    display: inline;
    vertical-align: middle;
  }
  
  &__label {
    font-size: 0.875rem;
    font-weight: 600;
    line-height: 24px;
    margin-left: 0.25rem;
    vertical-align: middle;
  }
  
  &__icon, &__label {
    position: relative;
    right: 0.25rem;
  }
}
              
            
!

JS

              
                function easeOut (x) {
  return 1 - (1 - x) * (1 - x);
}

function createAnimation ({ duration = 300, update, done }) {
  let start =  0;
  let elapsed = 0;
  let progress = 0;
  let aborted = false;
  let animationFrameId = 0;

  // Ensure the `update` and `done` callbacks are callable functions
  done = (typeof done === 'function') ? done : function () {};
  update = (typeof update === 'function') ? update : function () {};

  // Function to effectively cancel the current animation frame
  function stopAnimation () {
    cancelAnimationFrame(animationFrameId);
    animationFrameId = 0;
  }

  // Start a new animation by requesting for an animation frame
  animationFrameId = requestAnimationFrame(
    function _animation (timestamp) {
      // Set the animation start timestamp if not set
      if (!start) start = timestamp;

      // Compute the time elapsed and the progress (0 - 1)
      elapsed = timestamp - start;
      progress = Math.min(elapsed / duration, 1);

      // Call the `update()` callback with the current progress
      update(progress);

      // Stop the animation if `.abort()` has been called
      if (aborted === true) return stopAnimation();

      // Request another animation frame until duration elapses
      if (timestamp < start + duration) {
        animationFrameId = requestAnimationFrame(_animation);
        return;
      }

      // If duration has elapsed, cancel the current animation frame
      // and call the `done()` callback
      stopAnimation();
      done();
    }
  );

  // Return an object with an `.abort()` method to stop the animation
  // Returns: Object({ abort: fn() })
  return Object.defineProperty(Object.create(null), 'abort', {
    value: function _abortAnimation () { aborted = true }
  });
}

function getRippleElementProps (elem) {
  // Initialize the ripple elements registry (first call only)
  const rippleElems = new WeakMap();

  getRippleElementProps = function (elem) {
    if (elem instanceof HTMLElement) {
      if (!rippleElems.has(elem)) {
        // Get the dimensions and position of the element on the page
        const { width, height, y: top, x: left } = elem.getBoundingClientRect();
        const diameter = Math.min(width, height);
        const radius = Math.ceil(diameter / 2);

        // Configure functions to set and remove style properties
        const style = elem.style;
        const setProperty = style.setProperty.bind(style);
        const removeProperty = style.removeProperty.bind(style);

        // Function to remove multiple style properties at once
        function removeProperties (...properties) {
          properties.forEach(removeProperty);
        }

        // Set the diameter of the ripple in a custom CSS property
        setProperty('--ripple-diameter', `${diameter}px`);

        // Add the element and its geometric properties
        // to the ripple elements registry (WeakMap)
        rippleElems.set(elem, {
          animations: [],
          width, height, radius, top, left, setProperty, removeProperties
        });
      }

      // Return the geometric properties of the element
      return rippleElems.get(elem);
    }
  }

  return getRippleElementProps(elem);
}

function runRippleAnimation (elem, scaleFactor) {
  const { animations, setProperty, removeProperties } = getRippleElementProps(elem);

  // Abort all animations in the current sequence
  while (animations.length) {
    animations.pop().abort();
  }

  // Start the "scale up" animation and add it to the animation sequence
  animations.push(createAnimation({
    duration: 300,
    update: progress => {
      setProperty('--ripple-scale', progress * scaleFactor);
    }
  }));

  // Start the "opacity up" animation and add it to the animation sequence
  animations.push(createAnimation({
    duration: 200,
    update: progress => {
      setProperty('--ripple-opacity', Math.min(1, easeOut(progress) + 0.5));
    },

    done: () => {
      // Wait for at least 50ms
      // Start the "opacity down" animation and add it to the animation sequence
      setTimeout(() => {
        animations.push(createAnimation({
          duration: 200,
          update: progress => {
            setProperty('--ripple-opacity', easeOut(1 - progress));
          },
          
          done: () => {
            // Remove all the properties at the end of the sequence
            removeProperties(
              '--ripple-center-x',
              '--ripple-center-y',
              '--ripple-opacity',
              '--ripple-scale'
            );
          }
        }));
      }, 50);
    }
  }));
}

document.addEventListener('click', function _rippleClickHandler (evt) {
  // Capture clicks happening inside a ripple element
  const target = evt.target.closest('.ripple');

  if (target) {
    // Get ripple element geometric properties from registry
    const {
      width, height, radius, top, left, setProperty
    } = getRippleElementProps(target);

    // Get the half width and height of the ripple element
    const width_2 = width / 2;
    const height_2 = height / 2;

    // Get the x and y offsets of the click within the ripple element
    const x = evt.clientX - left;
    const y = evt.clientY - top;

    // Compute the scale factor using Pythagoras' theorem
    // and dividing by the ripple radius
    const scaleFactor = Math.ceil(
      Math.sqrt(
        Math.pow(width_2 + Math.abs(x - width_2), 2) +
        Math.pow(height_2 + Math.abs(y - height_2), 2)
      ) / radius
    );

    // Set the ripple center coordinates on the custom CSS properties
    // Notice the ripple radius being used for offsets
    setProperty('--ripple-center-x', `${x - radius}px`);
    setProperty('--ripple-center-y', `${y - radius}px`);

    // Run the ripple spreading animation
    runRippleAnimation(target, scaleFactor);
  }
}, false);
              
            
!
999px

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