Editing files on a remote server can suck. There are countless methods to accomplish this task, but I'm sure you're like me, and fall into the bucket of the "casual vim user", or some other terminal editor, which tosses speed and proficiency out the window. And, at the end of the day, who really wants to mess with a editor they aren't 100% comfortable in, like vim ,or deal with an FTP client and all that jazz.
🙋♂️ not this guy.
Call me lazy, stupid or whatever just because my dev-ops work-flow isn't as sophisticated, technical or as nifty as yours, whatever floats your boat and makes you a bro-grammer 👍.
So a few assumptions, you already know what SSH is and what's involved, you have full root access to your server, and you're not afraid of the terminal.
Okay, now that we got that out of the way onto the topic of Remote editing files over SSH with Visual Studio Code (
VSCode for short) - I am a recent convert, to Visual Studio Code from Sublime Text, and figured I'd share something I use frequently. If you do enough searching you'll find a few blogs and chitter chats out there about this topic for the editor you're savvy with, but the steps and usage are pretty much the same regardless of the editor -- well, as long as there is editor support for your setup. But hopefully you're using a modern editor and its pretty BAMF.
So, back in the day, TextMate came out with,
rmate, that was implemented in Ruby, which is - killer!, though the downside is that your server has a really old version of ruby or its just not installed.
“Don't Panic”, that's where brilliant peeps like, Harald Lapp (@aurora via Github) created a BASH implementation of
rmate, that is stand alone and we can take full advantage of.
In VSCode Extensions, search for Remote VSCode and install it:
cmd+p then paste
ext install remote-vscode
So we need to setup agent forwarding for our server. To do this we'll add
RemoteForward 52698 127.0.0.1:52698 to our
It should look pretty close to this:
Host myRemoteServerName HostName 12.34.567.89 User root ForwardAgent yes RemoteForward 52698 127.0.0.1:52698
So now, we'll need to install that file Harald Lapp created on our remote server - note: “there's more than one way to skin a cat” so again do whatever works best for your setup.
ssh -v myRemoteServerName
Now, lets grab that
rmate file from Github and update the permissions of the file:
sudo wget -O /usr/local/bin/rcode \ https://raw.github.com/aurora/rmate/master/rmate chmod a+x /usr/local/bin/rcode
Log out and back into your remote server. So now, you should be able to
rcode some_file.php and it will open up VSCode.
I add an alias to my remote server's
alias code='rcode'this way my local and my remote use the same commands to open up VSCode from the terminal.
If your terminal is complaining about “no such file or directory” , you'll need to edit your PATH:
echo "export PATH=\"$PATH:/usr/local/bin\"" >> /etc/profile
Chew on that for awhile and feel free to let me know if you enjoy it.