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                <div class="buttons">
  <h1>Simple hover effects with <code>box-shadow</code></h1>
  <button class="fill">Fill In</button>
  <button class="pulse">Pulse</button>
  <button class="close">Close</button>
  <button class="raise">Raise</button>
  <button class="up">Fill Up</button>
  <button class="slide">Slide</button>
  <button class="offset">Offset</button>


  box-shadow: [inset?] [top] [left] [blur] [size] [color];

    - We're setting all the blurs to 0 since we want a solid fill.
    - Add the inset keyword so the box-shadow is on the inside of the element
    - Animating the inset shadow on hover looks like the element is filling in from whatever side you specify ([top] and [left] accept negative values to become [bottom] and [right])
    - Multiple shadows can be stacked
    - If you're animating multiple shadows, be sure to keep the same number of shadows on hover/focus as non-hover/focus (even if you have to create a transparent shadow) so the animation is smooth. Otherwise, you'll get something choppy.

// Animate the size, inside
.fill:focus {
  box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2em var(--hover);

// Animate the size, outside
.pulse:focus {
  animation: pulse 1s;
  box-shadow: 0 0 0 2em transparent;

@keyframes pulse {
  0% { box-shadow: 0 0 0 0 var(--hover); }

// Stack multiple shadows, one from the left, the other from the right
.close:focus {
    inset -3.5em 0 0 0 var(--hover),
    inset 3.5em 0 0 0 var(--hover);  

// Size can also be negative; see how it's smaller than the element
.raise:focus {
  box-shadow: 0 0.5em 0.5em -0.4em var(--hover);
  transform: translateY(-0.25em);

// Animating from the bottom
.up:focus {
  box-shadow: inset 0 -3.25em 0 0 var(--hover);

// And from the left
.slide:focus {
  box-shadow: inset 6.5em 0 0 0 var(--hover);

// Multiple shadows, one on the outside, another on the inside
.offset {  
    0.3em 0.3em 0 0 var(--color),
    inset 0.3em 0.3em 0 0 var(--color);
  &:focus {
      0 0 0 0 var(--hover),
      inset 6em 3.5em 0 0 var(--hover);

//=== Set button colors
// If you wonder why use Sass vars or CSS custom properties...
  // Make a map with the class names and matching colors
$colors: (
  fill: #a972cb,
  pulse: #ef6eae, 
  close: #ff7f82, 
  raise: #ffa260, 
  up: #e4cb58, 
  slide: #8fc866, 
  offset: #19bc8b

// Sass variables compile to a static string; CSS variables are dynamic and inherited
  // Loop through the map and set CSS custom properties using Sass variables
@each $button, $color in $colors {
  .#{$button} {
    --color: #{$color};
    --hover: #{adjust-hue($color, 45deg)};

// Now every button will have different colors as set above. We get to use the same structure, only changing the custom properties.
button {  
  color: var(--color);
  transition: 0.25s;
  &:focus { 
    border-color: var(--hover);
    color: #fff;

//=== Pen styling, ignore
body {
  color: #fff;
  background: hsl(227, 10%, 10%);
  font: 300 1em 'Fira Sans', sans-serif;
  // Center everything ever
  justify-content: center;
  align-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  text-align: center;
  min-height: 100vh;
  display: flex;

// Basic button styles
button {
  background: none;
  border: 2px solid;
  font: inherit;
  line-height: 1;
  margin: 0.5em;
  padding: 1em 2em;

h1 { font-weight: 400; }

code { 
  color: #e4cb58;
  font: inherit;