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HTML

              
                <h2>Sortable Colors Name Chart</h2>
<div class="table"></div>
              
            
!

CSS

              
                * {
  color: #333;
  font-size: 14px;
  font-family: "Helvetica Neue", "Helvetica", Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;

}

h2 {
  text-align: center;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  padding: 1em;
  font-size: 1.5em;
  font-weight: normal;
  
}

table {
  min-width: 1000px;
  border: 1px solid #d9d9d9;
  border-collapse: collapse;
  margin: 0 auto;
}

td,
th {
  border: 1px solid #d9d9d9;
  padding: .5em;
  min-width: 3em;
}
th span{font-size:150%;}
tr.header {
  border-bottom-style: double;
}

.Hex:before {
  content: "#"
}

th span {
  cursor: pointer;
}

th:nth-child(1),
t1:nth-child(1) {
  width: 18px;
}


/*
table col:nth-child(4n), table th:nth-child(4n), table td:nth-child(4n){display:none;}
*/

table col:nth-child(even) {
  background-color: #f9f9f9;
}

span {
  display: inline-block;
}

table col:hover{background-color: #f9f9f9;}
/*
span{
  width: 0;
  height: .6em;
  border: .3em solid transparent; 
  position: relative;
  
  
}
.asc{border-bottom: .6em solid #999;
  border-top-width: 0;
top:0em;}

.desc{border-top: .6em solid #999;
  border-bottom-width: 0;
top:.6em;}*/
              
            
!

JS

              
                //Colors array: 
//https://codepen.io/enxaneta/pen/1a2e636e0025176339d49eac2f233bb1

var headerRy = Object.keys(ry[0]);

var parent = document.querySelector(".table");
var table = document.createElement("table");
var colgroup = document.createElement("colgroup");
var thead = document.createElement("thead");
var tbody = document.createElement("tbody");

table.appendChild(colgroup);
table.appendChild(thead);
table.appendChild(tbody);
parent.appendChild(table);

tableColgroup();

tableHead();
tableBody(ry);

function tableColgroup(){
  var html = "";
  for (var i = 0; i < headerRy.length; i++) {
    html += "<col></col>"
  }
  colgroup.innerHTML = html;
}

function tableHead() {
  var html = "<tr class='header'><th></th>";
  for (var i = 0; i < headerRy.length; i++) {
    html += "<th id = '";
    html += headerRy[i];
    html += "'>";
    html += headerRy[i];
    
    if( headerRy[i] != "RGB" && headerRy[i] != "HSL"){
    html += " <span class='asc'>+</span>";
    html += " <span class='desc'>-</span>";
    }
    html += "</th>";
  }
  html += "</tr>";
  thead.innerHTML = html;
}

function tableBody(ry) {
  var html = "";
  for (var i = 0; i < ry.length; i++) {
    html += "<tr><td style='background-color:" + ry[i][headerRy[0]] + ";'></td>";
    for (var j = 0; j < headerRy.length; j++) {
      html += "<td class='" + headerRy[j] + "'>" + ry[i][headerRy[j]] + "</td>";
    }
    html += "</tr>";
  }
  tbody.innerHTML = html;
}

function sortByName(name, ad) {
  var byName = ry.slice(0);
  var flag = true;
  byName.sort(function(a, b) {
    var x = a[name];
    var y = b[name];
    if (ad == "desc") {
      return x < y ? 1 : x > y ? -1 : 0;  
    } else if (ad == "asc")  {
      return x < y ? -1 : x > y ? 1 : 0;
    }else{flag = false}
  });
  if(flag){tableBody(byName);}
}

function sortByNum(val, ad) {
  var byNum = ry.slice(0);
  var flag = true;
  byNum.sort(function(a, b) {
    if (ad == "desc") {
      return b[val] - a[val];
    } else if (ad == "asc") {
      return a[val] - b[val];
     }else{flag = false}
  });
  if(flag){tableBody(byNum);}
}

function sortByHex(hex, ad) {
  var byHex= ry.slice(0);
  var flag = true;
  byHex.sort(function(a, b) {
    var x = parseInt(a[hex], 16);
    var y = parseInt(b[hex], 16);
    if (ad == "desc") {
      return y - x;
    } else if (ad == "asc") {
      return x - y;
     }else{flag = false}
  });
  if(flag){tableBody(byHex);}
}// do I need this?


// events

Color.addEventListener("click", function(e) {
sortByName(e.target.offsetParent.id,e.target.className);
}, false);

Hex.addEventListener("click", function(e) {
sortByHex(e.target.offsetParent.id, e.target.className);
}, false);

var idry = ["R","G","B","H","S","L"]       

for(i=0; i< idry.length; i++) {  
(function(i) {
document.getElementById(idry[i]).addEventListener("click", function(e) {
sortByNum(e.target.offsetParent.id, e.target.className);
}, false); 
    })(i);
}
              
            
!
999px

Console