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                <div id="main">
<h1 id="title">Charles Babbage</h1>
  <p id="caption">The Father of the Computer</p>

<div id="img-div"> <img id="image" src="" alt="A Picture of Charles Babbage - The Father of the Computer.">
  <p id="img-caption">Wellcome Library, London</p>

  <div id="tribute-info"><strong>Here is a timeline of Mr. Charles Babbage' life:</strong>

  <li><strong>1791</strong> - Born in London, England</li>
  <li><strong>1810</strong> - Babbage arrived at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was already self-taught in some parts of contemporary mathematics</li>
  <li><strong>1812</strong> - Babbage transferred to Peterhouse, Cambridge. He was the top mathematician there, but did not graduate with honours. He instead received a degree without examination in 1814.</li>
  <li><strong>1815</strong> - He lectured to the Royal Institution on astronomy, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society a year later.</li>
  <li><strong>1820</strong> - Babbage was instrumental in founding the Royal Astronomical Society, initially known as the Astronomical Society of London. Its original aims were to reduce astronomical calculations to a more standard form, and to circulate data. These directions were closely connected with Babbage's ideas on computation.</li>
  <li><strong>1822</strong> - Originated the concept of a programmable general-purpose computer. He decided to make a machine to calculate the polynomial function—a machine which would calculate the value automatically.</li>
  <li><strong>1823</strong> - British government gave Charles Babbage £1700 (probably the first ever seed funding).</li>
  <li><strong>1824</strong> - He won its Gold Medal, cited "for his invention of an engine for calculating mathematical and astronomical tables.</li>
  <li><strong>1828 to 1839</strong> - Babbage was Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. He wrote three topical books during this period of his life.</li>
  <li><strong>1832</strong> - He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.</li>
  <li><strong>1837</strong> - Designed the Analytical Engine and built a prototype for a less powerful mechanical calculator. Babbage developed some two dozen programs for the Analytical Engine between 1837 and 1840.</li>
  <li><strong>1845</strong> - Babbage had solved a cipher that had been posed as a challenge by his nephew Henry Hollier, and in the process, he made a discovery about ciphers that were based on Vigenère tables. Specifically, he realised that enciphering plain text with a keyword rendered the cipher text subject to modular arithmetic.</li>
  <li><strong>1854</strong> - Babbage published the solution of a Vigenère cipher, which had been published previously in the Journal of the Society of Arts.</li>
  <li><strong>1855</strong> - Babbage also published a short letter, "Cypher Writing", in the same journal. Nevertheless, his priority was not established until 1985.</li>
  <li><strong>1871</strong> - Died at the age of 79.</li> 
<blockquote>"Errors using inadequate data are much less than those using no data at all." -
Charles Babbage</blockquote>

<h3>To know more about this gentleman, read his <a id="tribute-link" href="" target="_blank">Wikipedia entry.</a></h3>



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