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                <link href="|Pacifico" rel="stylesheet">

<div class="container-fluid bg">
  <div class="jumbotron text-center" id="jumbo">
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        <p>A tribute to the best drink to ever be drunk.</p>
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          <img src="" alt="image of steaming coffee cup" class="img-responsive">
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          <h2 id="list"><strong><big>A Quick History of Coffee:</big></strong></h2>
          <ul id="list">
            <li><strong>850: </strong>Ethiopian farmer Kaldi discovers that after eating the red berries from this plant, his goats do not seem to want to sleep. Word travels.</li>
            <li><strong>1000: </strong>Physician and philosopher Avicenna Bukhara writes the first known literature describing the medicinal properties of coffee.</li>
            <li><strong>1100:  </strong>Traders from what is modern-day Yemen return home with coffee from Ethiopia. They cultivate the plant and create a drink by boiling the beans in water. It is called “qahwa” or <em>that which prevents sleep.</em></li>
            <li><strong>1453: </strong>Ottoman Turks introduce coffee to Constantinople. They add cardamom, cinnamon, and anise. Turkish coffee is born! </li>
            <li><strong>1475: </strong>Coffee shops start to open in Constantinople. A law is created that allows a woman to divorce her husband if she is not provided with enough daily coffee.</li>
            <li><strong>1570: </strong>Coffee arrives in Venice.</li>
            <li><strong>1637: </strong>A greek student at Oxford University brings coffee to England for the first time. He is expelled for having too many late night parties!</li>
            <li><strong>1645: </strong>First coffee shop opens in Venice.</li>
            <li><strong>1652: </strong>First coffee shop opens in London. </li>
            <li><strong>1668: </strong>Coffee surpasses beer as New York City's favorite drink!</li>
            <li><strong>1672: </strong>An Armenian man first sells coffee in Paris at a fair.</li>
            <li><strong>1710: </strong>The French devise a way to brew coffee using a linen bag that can be removed once the drink has reached the desired strength. No more grounds in your cup!</li>
            <li><strong>1720: </strong>Café Florian opens in Venice, Italy in Piazza San Marco. It’s still open to this day.</li>
            <li><strong>1721: </strong>First coffee shop opens in Berlin.</li>
            <li><strong>1730: </strong>First coffee plant brought to Jamaica.</li>
            <li><strong>1773: </strong>Organizers meet at the Green Dragon coffee house in Boston (still open as Green Dragon Tavern) to plan the Boston Tea Party.</li>
            <li><strong>1817: </strong>Coffee cultivation introduced in Hawaii.</li>
            <li><strong>1818: </strong>Coffee percolator invented.</li>
            <li><strong>1822: </strong>First precursor to the modern espresso machine built.</li>
            <li><strong>1871: </strong>John Arbuckle packages and labels what will become the first mass-produced coffee sold all over the country.</li>
            <li><strong>1886: </strong>Maxwell House coffee is born; named after the hotel that serves it in Nashville, TN.</li>
            <li><strong>1901: </strong>First commercial espresso machine patented in Italy.</li>
            <li><strong>1903: </strong>Ludwig Roselius, German coffee importer, along with his assistant Karl Wimmer, discover a method to remove caffeine.</li>
            <li><strong>1906: </strong>First instant coffee created. Later marketed as Red-E Coffee.</li>
            <li><strong>1940: </strong>The US now imports 40% of the world's coffee.</li>
            <li><strong>1946: </strong>Italian, Achille Gaggia, evolves the espresso machine using a piston to extract the brew at a higher pressure resulting in a layer crema on the coffee. Yum.</li>
            <li><strong>1960: </strong>The Colombian Coffee Federation debuts the character Juan Valdez. </li>
            <li><strong>1966: </strong>The first Peet's Coffee is opened in Berkeley, CA.</li>
            <li><strong>1971: </strong>In Seattle, the first Starbucks is born. They only sell roasted beans.</li>
            <li><strong>1972: </strong>Mr. Coffee, the first automatic drip coffee machine, debuts.</li>
            <li><strong>1984: </strong>The original Starbucks' owners purchase Peet's Coffee.</li>
            <li><strong>1985: </strong>Howard Schultz quits Starbucks and opens his own chain of coffee shops.</li>
            <li><strong>1987: </strong>Howard Schultz buys Starbucks for $3.8 million and renames his own chain with the Starbucks name. </li>
            <li><strong>2009 - present: </strong>Coffee is, hands down, the world's favorite drink. We consume 400 billion cups each year, nearly 400 million cups a day. The United States imports 27% of all coffee beans grown in the world. Coffee is second only to oil as the most traded commodity.</li>
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        <blockquote class="blockquote-reverse">
          <p><em>I have measured out my life with coffee spoons.</p>
        <footer>T.S. Eliot</em></footer>
      <p class="text-center small">If you want to read more about coffee, visit <a href="" target="_blank">The National Coffee Association</a> or visit the <a href="" target="_blank">coffee Wikipedia</a> page.</p>
      <p class="text-center small">Created as a part of the <a href="" target="_blank">FreeCodeCamp</a> curriculum by <a href="" target="_blank">Drake</a>.



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