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HTML

CSS

CSS Base

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HTML

              
                <!--
Breadcrumbs are intended to show the hierarchical structure of the site (NOT the history of pages traversed during a session on the site).
-->
<nav class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs" aria-label="Breadcrumb" vocab="https://schema.org/" typeof="BreadcrumbList">
  <ol class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__directory">

    <!-- Duplicating the "Home" link in both the global navigation and the breadcrumb trail is not recommended. -->
    <li class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__item" property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
      <a class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__link" href="https://example.com/" property="item" typeof="WebPage">
        <svg class="o-inline-svg-icon o-inline-svg-icon--baseline" aria-hidden="true">
          <title>Home</title> <!-- Tooltip -->
          <use href="#icon-home"></use>
        </svg>
        <span class="u-visually-hidden" property="name">Home</span>
      </a>
      <meta property="position" content="1">
    </li>

    <li class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__item" property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
      <a class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__link" href="https://example.com/articles/" property="item" typeof="WebPage">
        <span property="name">Articles</span>
      </a>
      <meta property="position" content="2">
    </li>
      
    <li class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__item" property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
      <a class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__link" href="https://example.com/articles/development" property="item" typeof="WebPage">
        <span property="name">Development</span>
      </a>
      <meta property="position" content="3">
    </li>

    <li class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__item" property="itemListElement" typeof="ListItem">
      <!--
      `aria-current: location`: Screen readers announce this item as "Current location { text }"
      The breadcrumb corresponding to the current location should not be an enabled link.
      -->
      <a class="c-navigation-breadcrumbs__link" property="name" aria-current="location">Shared Vocabulary</a>
      <meta property="item" typeof="WebPage" content="https://example.com/articles/development/shared-vocabulary">
      <meta property="position" content="4">
    </li>
      
  </ol>
</nav>
<!-- /c-navigation-breadcrumbs -->

<svg aria-hidden="true">
  <defs>
    <!-- Icon design by Cole Bemis - https://feathericons.com/ -->
    <symbol id="icon-home" viewBox="0 0 24 24" fill="none" stroke-width="2" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round">
      <path d="M3 9l9-7 9 7v11a2 2 0 0 1-2 2H5a2 2 0 0 1-2-2z"></path>
      <polyline points="9 22 9 12 15 12 15 22"></polyline>
    </symbol>
  </defs>
</svg>

              
            
!

CSS

              
                // SETTINGS - VARIABLES

$color-link: #007c89;
$color-separator: #767676;
$size-icon: 16px;
$space-separator: 8px;

// TOOLS - MIXINS

@mixin text-underline($color: currentColor) {
  background-image: linear-gradient($color, $color);
  background-size: auto 1px;
  background-repeat: repeat-x;
  background-position: 0 calc(50% + 1ex);
}

// TOOLS - FUNCTIONS

/// Returns SVG-Image embedded in a Data-URI.
/// @parameter {color} Hexadecimal value for stroke color
/// @returns {string} Data-URI
/// @example background: url(icon-svg-uri('arrow-left', #000000)) center / 16px no-repeat;
/// @link https://feathericons.com/ Icon design by Cole Bemis
@function icon-svg-uri($icon-name, $color) {
  @if (type_of($color) == 'color') and (str-index(inspect($color), '#') == 1)  {
    $encoded-color: '%23' + str-slice(inspect($color), 2);

    // MS Edge is turning single quotes to double quotes. (`url('data:` -> `url("data:`)
    $icon-set: (
      arrow-left: "%3Cline x1='19' y1='12' x2='5' y2='12'%3E%3C/line%3E%3Cpolyline points='12 19 5 12 12 5'%3E%3C/polyline%3E",
      chevron-right: "%3Cpolyline points='9 18 15 12 9 6'%3E%3C/polyline%3E"
    );

    @if map-has-key($icon-set, $icon-name) {
      @return "data:image/svg+xml,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' width='24' height='24' viewBox='0 0 24 24' fill='none' stroke='#{$encoded-color}' stroke-width='2' stroke-linecap='round' stroke-linejoin='round%5C'%3E#{map-get($icon-set, $icon-name)}%3C/svg%3E";
    } @else {
      @error 'Invalid icon name: `#{$icon-name}`'
    }
  }@else {
    @error 'Invalid HEX value: `#{$color}`'
  }
}

// GENERIC - RESET

a:link {
  text-decoration: none;
}

body {
  margin: 0;
}

html {
  -webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%;
}

ol {
  list-style-type: none;
  padding-left: 0;
  margin-top: 0;
  margin-bottom: 0;
}

// GENERIC - NORMALIZE

a:focus {
  outline: thin dotted;
}

// GENERIC - FONTS

@import url('https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Work+Sans&display=swap');

// ELEMENTS - A

a:link {
  touch-action: manipulation;
}

a:active,
a:hover {
  outline: 0;
}

a:visited:not([rel='external']) {
  color: currentColor;
}

// ELEMENTS - BODY

body {
  margin: 32px;
  font: 16px/32px 'Work Sans', sans-serif;
}

// OBJECTS - INLINE-SVG-ICON

.o-inline-svg-icon {
  stroke: currentColor;

  &--baseline {
    position: relative;
    top: .125em;
    width: 1em;
    height: 1em;
  }
}

// COMPONENTS - NAVIGATION-BREADCRUMBS

.c-navigation-breadcrumbs {
  &__directory {
    display: flex;
  }

  &__link:link {
    color: $color-link;

    &:hover {
      @include text-underline();
    }
  }

  // Shorten the breadcrumb trail to include only the next higher level. (Prevent wrap to multiple lines on small screen sizes)
  @media (max-width: 500px) {
    &__item {
      &:not(:nth-last-child(2)) {
        display: none;
      }
    }

    &__link {
      &:before {
        display: inline-block;
        // Invisible space character (sets auto-height for element)
        content: '\200b';
        // User goes "up one level" instead of "navigating back" to the last view or page.
        background: url(icon-svg-uri('arrow-left', $color-link)) center / $size-icon $size-icon no-repeat;
        width: $size-icon;
      }
    }
  }

  @media (min-width: 501px) {
    &__item {
      &:nth-last-child(n+2):after {
        display: inline-block;
        content: '\200b';
        // "Greater-than sign" indicates higher-level page.
        background: url(icon-svg-uri('chevron-right', $color-separator)) center / $size-icon $size-icon no-repeat;
        width: $size-icon;
        margin: 0 $space-separator;
      }
    }

    &__link {
      display: block;
      float: left;
    }
  }
}

// UTILITIES - VISUALLY-HIDDEN

.u-visually-hidden {
  position: absolute;
  left:     -10000px;
  top:      auto;
  width:    1px;
  height:   1px;
  overflow: hidden;
}
              
            
!

JS

              
                
              
            
!
999px

Console