<h3 class="info-menu">Gender breakdown by field of study for US scientists and engineers with PhDs employed in academia</h3>

<div class="info-chart">
	<div class="tooltip hidden">
		<p><span class="value">100</span> thousand</p>
	</div>
	<div class="key">
	<ul>
		<li>
			<span style="background: #F8B436; border-color: #FF4321;"></span>
			<p> Male</p>
		</li>
		<li>
			<span style="background: #E53524; border-color: #FF4321;"></span>
			<p> Female</p>
		</li>
	</ul>
	</div>

</div>

<p class="info-menu">
<select class="position-dropdown">
<option value="all-positions">All positions</option>
<option value="full-time-senior">Full-time senior faculty</option>
<option value="full-time-junior">Full-time junior faculty</option>
<option value="other-full-time">Other full-time positions</option>
<option value="postdoc">Postdocs</option>
<option value="part-time">Part-time positions</option>
</select>
<select class="field-dropdown">
<option value="all-fields">All fields</option>
<option value="physical-sciences">Physical sciences</option>
<option value="mathematics">Mathematics</option>
<option value="computer-sciences">Computer sciences</option>
<option value="life-sciences">Life sciences</option>
<option value="psychology">Psychology</option>
<option value="social-sciences">Social sciences</option>
<option value="engineering">Engineering</option>
</select>
Adjust scale: <input type="checkbox"/>
</p>

<div class="info-table-wrapper">

<p class="status-message comment-error"><em>The interactive companion to this table requires a modern browser (e.g. Chrome, Safari, Firefox or Internet Explorer 9+) with javascript enabled.</em></p>

<table class="info-table all-positions data">

<caption>
        US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed in all positions in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
		<th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>

	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">118.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">134.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">145.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">155.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">167.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">176.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">190.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">195.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">206.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">210.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">213.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">217.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">232.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">240.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">245.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">259.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">272.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">272.8</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">25.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">27.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">29.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">28.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">30.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">29.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">32.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">32.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">33.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">33.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">35.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">35.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">37.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">38.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">38.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">39.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">39.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">39.3</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">9.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">14.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">15.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">15.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">14.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">15.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">15.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">14.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">16.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">17.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">17.4</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">5.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">6.9</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">34.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">39.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">42.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">47.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">51.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">54.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">58.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">61.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">64.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">66.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">68.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">71.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">77.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">81.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">84.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">90.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">95.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">94.0</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">12.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">17.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">20.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">21.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">23.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">23.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">25.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">25.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">25.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">26.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">27.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">29.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">30.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">31.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">35.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">34.3</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">23.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">28.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">33.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">36.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">38.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">42.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">42.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">44.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">44.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">44.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">42.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">44.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">46.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">46.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">48.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">50.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">50.9</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">12.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">14.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">18.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">19.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">21.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">22.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">22.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">23.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">23.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">26.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">25.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">26.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">27.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">29.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">29.8</td>
	</tr>


	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">107.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">120.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">129.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">136.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">144.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">149.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">159.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">162.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">168.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">168.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">166.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">165.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">173.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">175.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">175.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">180.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">182.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">179.4</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">24.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">25.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">27.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">26.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">27.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">27.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">29.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">30.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">30.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">30.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">31.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">31.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">32.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">33.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">32.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">33.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">32.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">31.7</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">9.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">12.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">14.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">13.7</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">4.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">4.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">5.5</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">30.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">34.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">36.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">40.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">42.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">44.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">46.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">47.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">49.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">50.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">49.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">50.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">52.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">55.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">54.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">56.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">57.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">55.3</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">10.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">12.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">13.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.5</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">21.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">24.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">26.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">28.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">30.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">32.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">34.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">33.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">35.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">34.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">33.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">32.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">32.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">32.0</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">12.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">14.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">17.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">19.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">20.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">22.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">21.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">22.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">22.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">24.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">23.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">24.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">24.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">26.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">25.8</td>
	</tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">10.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">16.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">19.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">26.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">31.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">34.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">38.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">41.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">46.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">52.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">59.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">64.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">70.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">78.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">90.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">93.4</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.7</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.8</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.4</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">13.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">15.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">16.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">18.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">21.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">24.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">26.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">33.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">37.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">38.8</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">8.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">13.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">19.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">18.8</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">7.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">10.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">10.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">11.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">13.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">13.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">15.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">16.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">18.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">19.0</td>
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.0</td>
	</tr>


</tbody> 
</table> 

<table class="info-table full-time-senior">

<caption>
		US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed as full-time senior faculty members in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
        <th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>

	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">74.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">84.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">90.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">97.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">107.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">115.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">119.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">127.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">131.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">133.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">128.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">127.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">131.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">136.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">136.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">142.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">139.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">144.9</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">15.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">17.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">19.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">21.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">21.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">21.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">21.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">5.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">6.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">7.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">8.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">11.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.8</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">21.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">23.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">24.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">27.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">32.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">33.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">35.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">36.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">37.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">35.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">37.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">38.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">40.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">41.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">43.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">43.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">44.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">7.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">8.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">12.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">13.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">14.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">15.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">16.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">15.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">18.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">20.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">21.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">24.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">26.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">27.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">29.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">31.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">30.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">29.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">28.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">28.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">30.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">29.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">30.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">29.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">30.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">8.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">9.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">10.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">11.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">12.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">17.3</td>
    </tr>


	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">69.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">78.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">84.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">90.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">98.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">104.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">107.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">113.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">115.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">115.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">110.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">107.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">109.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">110.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">108.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">109.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">104.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">106.1</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">14.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">16.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">17.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">19.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">19.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">20.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">19.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">19.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">18.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">17.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">17.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">5.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">6.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">7.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">7.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">8.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">10.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">9.2</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">3.2</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">19.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">21.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">22.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">24.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">26.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">31.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">31.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">31.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">30.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">31.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">30.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">30.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">30.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">29.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">6.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">8.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">11.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">10.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">9.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">14.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">16.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">18.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">19.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">22.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">23.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">24.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">25.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">26.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">25.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">24.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">22.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">22.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">23.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">21.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">22.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">20.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">20.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">8.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">9.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">10.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">11.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">12.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">13.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">14.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">15.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">16.0</td>
    </tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">4.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">12.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">14.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">17.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">20.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">22.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">26.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">28.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">32.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">34.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">38.8</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">13.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">14.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">7.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">7.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.8</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.3</td>
    </tr>  


</tbody> 
</table>

<table class="info-table full-time-junior">

<caption>
        US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed as full-time junior faculty members in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
        <th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>

	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">29.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">32.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">34.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">34.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">34.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">32.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">37.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">37.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">38.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">40.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">43.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">44.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">46.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">47.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">50.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">53.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">57.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">54.6</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">3.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">8.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">13.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">15.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">15.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">16.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">17.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">19.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">20.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">20.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">20.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">3.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">7.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">5.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">7.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">7.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">8.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">9.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">10.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">10.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">2.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">5.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">5.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">5.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">6.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">5.2</td>
    </tr>


	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">26.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">28.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">25.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">27.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">28.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">29.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">28.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">29.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">30.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">31.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">31.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">33.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">31.7</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">3.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">3.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">2.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">1.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">7.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.8</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">5.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">6.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.8</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">2.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.9</td>
    </tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">3.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">12.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">14.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">17.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">17.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">19.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">21.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">24.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">22.9</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.3</td>
    </tr>  


</tbody> 
</table>

<table class="info-table other-full-time">

<caption>
        US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed in other full-time positions in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
        <th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>
	
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">7.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">12.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">16.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">19.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">20.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">22.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">26.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">29.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">31.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">35.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">36.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">39.9</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">7.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.8</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.8</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">13.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">14.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">4.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">5.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">6.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">4.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">5.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">4.4</td>
    </tr>



	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">6.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">14.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">12.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">14.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">16.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">20.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">21.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.6</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">6.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">5.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">7.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.9</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.7</td>
    </tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">1.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">16.3</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.7</td>
    </tr> 


</tbody> 
</table>

<table class="info-table part-time">

<caption>
        US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed in part-time positions in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
        <th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>

	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">2.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.4</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.7</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">3.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">3.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.8</td>
    </tr>


	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">1.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.9</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.9</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.4</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">2.2</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.6</td>
    </tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">1.4</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.5</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">2.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">1.7</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
    </tr>


</tbody> 
</table>

<table class="info-table postdoc">

<caption>
        US science, engineering and health doctorate holders employed as postdocs in academia&#44; by sex and degree field 1973–2008 (thousands).
</caption>

<thead>   
    <tr> 
        <th scope="col">Gender and field</th>
		<th scope="col">1973</th>
		<th scope="col">1975</th>
		<th scope="col">1977</th>
		<th scope="col">1979</th>
		<th scope="col">1981</th>
		<th scope="col">1983</th>
		<th scope="col">1985</th>
		<th scope="col">1987</th>
		<th scope="col">1989</th>
		<th scope="col">1991</th>
		<th scope="col">1993</th>
		<th scope="col">1995</th>
		<th scope="col">1997</th>
		<th scope="col">1999</th>
		<th scope="col">2001</th>
		<th scope="col">2003</th>
		<th scope="col">2006</th>
		<th scope="col">2008</th>
    </tr> 
</thead>

<tbody>

	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Both sexes&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">4.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">16.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">17.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">15.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">23.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">18.0</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">4.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">1.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">8.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">9.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">11.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">12.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">10.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.6</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.9</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="both-sexes"> 
		<th scope="row">Both sexes&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">3.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.1</td>
    </tr>


	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Male&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">3.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">8.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">12.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">11.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">13.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">10.9</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.1</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">2.5</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.5</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.6</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.3</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.8</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.4</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.2</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">1.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.9</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.5</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.6</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
    </tr>
	<tr class="male"> 
		<th scope="row">Male&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.3</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.5</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.7</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.9</td>
		<td class="engineering">2.4</td>
		<td class="engineering">1.7</td>
    </tr>

	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row" class="key-row">Female&#44; all fields</th> 
		<td class="all-fields">0.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">1.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.2</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">2.6</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">3.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">4.1</td>
		<td class="all-fields">5.7</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.8</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.3</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.9</td>
		<td class="all-fields">6.0</td>
		<td class="all-fields">9.5</td>
		<td class="all-fields">7.1</td> 
	</tr>
	<tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Physical sciences</th> 
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.7</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">1.0</td>
		<td class="physical-sciences">0.8</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Mathematics</th> 
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.0</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.2</td>
		<td class="mathematics">0.1</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Computer sciences</th> 
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="computer-sciences">0.0</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Life sciences</th> 
		<td class="life-sciences">0.4</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">0.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">1.8</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.2</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">2.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.0</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">3.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.6</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">5.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.7</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.3</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">6.1</td>
		<td class="life-sciences">4.9</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Psychology</th> 
		<td class="psychology">0.0</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.2</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.4</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.3</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.7</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.9</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.8</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.5</td>
		<td class="psychology">1.1</td>
		<td class="psychology">0.6</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Social sciences</th> 
		<td class="social-sciences">0.0</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.1</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.3</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.5</td>
		<td class="social-sciences">0.2</td>
    </tr>
    <tr class="female"> 
		<th scope="row">Female&#44; Engineering</th> 
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.0</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.1</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.2</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.6</td>
		<td class="engineering">0.4</td>
    </tr>


</tbody> 
</table>

<p class="credit">Data source: National Science Foundation <a href="http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/append/c5/at05-17.pdf">http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/append/c5/at05-17.pdf</a></p>

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/*
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  * http://www.nature.com/news/inequality-quantified-mind-the-gender-gap-1.12550
  *
  * Data source: National Science Foundation http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/append/c5/at05-17.pdf
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				});
			};

			/* A function to transition the height of the bars and recalcuate the ticks of the yAxis */
			/* Called when the user chooses a new combination of options */
			function updateBars() {

					/* We pass new our array of arrays of objects into D3's stack function */
					stack(dataset);

					if(adjustScaleCheck) {
						/* Redefine Y scale with the new dataset */
						yScale.domain([0,				
								d3.max(dataset, function(d) {
									return d3.max(d, function(d) {
										return d.y0 + d.y;
									});
								})
							]);

						/* Call the Y axis again to adjust it to the new scale */
						d3.select(".info-chart .y")
							.transition()
							.duration(delayLength)
							.call(yAxis);
					} else {
						/* Redefine Y scale with the maximum values */
						yScale.domain([0, d3.max(maximumTableValue)]);

						/* Call the Y axis again to adjust it to the new scale */
						d3.select(".info-chart .y")
							.transition()
							.duration(delayLength)
							.call(yAxis);

					}

					/* Add a rect for each data value */
					groups.selectAll("rect")
					.data(function(d) { return d; })
					.transition()
					.duration(delayLength)
					.attr("y", function(d) {
						return yScale(d.y) + yScale(d.y0) - h;
					})
					.attr("height", function(d) {
						return h - yScale(d.y);
					});

			};

			/* get the data from the first heading row containing all the years */
			/* only needs to happen once */
			$("table.info-table.all-positions thead tr th:not(:first)").each(function() {
				var headingData = $(this).text();
				headingRowArray.push(headingData);
			});

			/* An initial call of the function to populate the graph on page load */
			getNewTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);
			getMaleTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);
			getFemaleTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);

			/* store a copy of the top row, i.e. the one with the highest values for use when adjusting/reseting scale */
			var maximumTableValue = infoTableArray.concat();

			/* At this point all our arrays are populated with data as arrays of objects */
			/* We push those arrays of objects inside the master 'dataset' inorder to make use of the stack function */
			dataset.push(femaleObjectArray);
			dataset.push(maleObjectArray);

			/* We pass our array of arrays of objects into D3's stack function */
			stack(dataset);

			/* Define X scale */
			var xScale = d3.scale.linear()
				.domain([padding, w ])
				.range([padding, w  ]);		 

			/* Define Y scale */
			var yScale = d3.scale.linear()
				.domain([0,				
					d3.max(dataset, function(d) {
						return d3.max(d, function(d) {
							return d.y0 + d.y;
						});
					})
				])
				.range([h, padding]);

			/* Define X axis */
			var xAxis = d3.svg.axis()
				.scale(xScale)
				.orient("bottom")
				.tickSize(0, 0)
				.ticks(0);

			/* Define Y axis */
			var yAxis = d3.svg.axis()
				.scale(yScale)
				.orient("left")
				.tickSize(6, 0)
				.ticks(7);

			/* Create SVG element */
			var svg = d3.select(".info-chart")
						.append("svg")
						.attr("width", w)
						.attr("height", h + (padding / 2));

			/* Add a group for each row of data */
			var groups = svg.selectAll("g")
				.data(dataset)
				.enter()
				.append("g")
				.style("fill", function(d, i) {
					return	i === 0 ? "#E53524" : "#F8B436"; 
				});

			/* Add a rect for each data value */
			var rects = groups.selectAll("rect")
				.data(function(d) { return d; })
				.enter()
				.append("rect")
				.attr("x", function(d, i) {
					return i * ((w - padding) / dataset[0].length) + padding;;
				})
				.attr("y", function(d) {
					return yScale(d.y) + yScale(d.y0) - h;
				})
				.attr("height", function(d) {
					return h - yScale(d.y);
				})
				.attr("width", (w - padding) / dataset[0].length - barPadding )
				/* When the user mouses over a bar show the tooltip div and fill it with the relevant data */
				/* Not such a great solution for touchscreens? */
				.on("mouseover", function(d) {

					/* Get this bar's x/y values, then augment for the tooltip */
					var xPosition;
					var toolTipHeight = parseInt($(".tooltip").css("height"));
					var yPosition = parseInt(d3.select(this).attr("y") ) + (parseInt(d3.select(this).attr("height")) / 2) - toolTipHeight;
					

					if ( d3.select(this).attr("x") < 350) {
						xPosition = parseFloat(d3.select(this).attr("x")) + 27;
						d3.select(".tooltip").classed("tooltip-left", false).classed("tooltip-right", true);
					} else {
						xPosition = parseFloat(d3.select(this).attr("x")) -140;
						d3.select(".tooltip").classed("tooltip-left", true).classed("tooltip-right", false);;
					}

					/* Update the tooltip position and value */
					d3.select(".tooltip")
						.style("left", xPosition + "px")
						.style("top", yPosition + "px")
						.select(".value")
						.text(d.y);

					/* Show the tooltip */
					d3.select(".tooltip").classed("hidden", false);

				})
				.on("mouseout", function() {
					/* Hide the tooltip */
					d3.select(".tooltip").classed("hidden", true);
					
				});

			/* Take the headingRowArray and use it lable the x axis */
			svg.selectAll("text")
				.data(headingRowArray)
				.enter()
				.append("text")
				.text(function(d) {
					return d;
				})
				.attr("x", function(d, i){
					return i * ((w - padding) / headingRowArray.length) + (((w - padding) / headingRowArray.length - barPadding) / 2) + padding; 
				 })
				.attr("y", function(d){
					return h + 12;
				})
				.attr("font-family", "sans-serif")
				.attr("font-size", "11px")
				.attr("fill", "black")
				.attr("text-anchor", "middle");	

			/* Create X axis */
			svg.append("g")
				.attr("class", "x axis")
				.attr("transform", "translate(0," + h +  ")")
				.call(xAxis);

			/* Create Y axis */
			svg.append("g")
				.attr("class", "y axis")
				.attr("transform", "translate(" +  padding + ", 0)")
				.call(yAxis)
				/* Add some extra text for the unit alongside the axis */ 
				.append("text")
				.attr("transform", "rotate(-90)") 
				.attr("y", -padding +12) /* magic number just to stop the top of the T being cut off */
				.attr("x", -(h / 2))
				.attr("dy", ".71em")
				.style("text-anchor", "end")
				.text("Thousands");

			/* Event listner for when the user chooses a new option from the drop down menu */
			/* The values returned by the dropdown menus correspond to the classes of the relevant rows in the table */
			/* Calls getNewTableData, getMaleTableData and getFemaleTableData wutg these values */ 
			/* Finally calls the update bars function with chosenRow's new value  */
			d3.selectAll(".info-menu select")
				.on("change", function () {

					selectedPosition = d3.select(".info-menu .position-dropdown").property("value"),
					selectedField = d3.select(".info-menu .field-dropdown").property("value");

					/* Grab the table data that coresponds to the users choice */
					getNewTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);
					getMaleTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);
					getFemaleTableData(selectedPosition, selectedField);
					   
					/* Redraw the graph - taking into account the new data  selection */
					updateBars();

				});

			/* Event listner for when the user changes the adjust scale checkbox */
			d3.selectAll(".info-menu input").on("change", function() {
				adjustScaleCheck = d3.select(this).property("checked");

				/* Redraw the graph - taking into account the adjust scale choice */
				updateBars();
			});



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External CSS

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External JavaScript

  1. https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.3/jquery.min.js
  2. https://d3js.org/d3.v3.min.js