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                <section class="centered">
  <h1>500 Server Error</h1>
  <div class="container">
    <span class="message" id="js-whoops"></span> <span class="message" id="js-appears"></span> <span class="message" id="js-error"></span> <span class="message" id="js-apology"></span>
    <div><span class="hidden" id="js-hidden">Message Here</span></div>


                @import url('|Roboto+Slab');

* {
  position: relative;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;

.centered {
  height: 100vh;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;

h1 {
  margin-bottom: 50px;
  font-family: 'Lato', sans-serif;
  font-size: 50px;

.message {
  display: inline-block;
  line-height: 1.2;
  transition: line-height .2s, width .2s;
  overflow: hidden;

.hidden {
  font-family: 'Roboto Slab', serif;
  font-size: 18px;

.hidden {
  color: #FFF;


                // Here are the different messages we'll use for creating the 500 displayable message
const messages = [
  ['Whoops.', 'Oops.', 'Excuse me.', 'Oh Dear.', 'Well poo.', 'Hm...', 'This is awkward.', 'Well gosh!'],
  ['It appears', 'Looks like', 'Unfortunately,', 'It just so happens', 'Sadly,', 'Seemingly from nowhere'],
  ['there was an error.', 'we goofed up.', 'a bad thing happend.', 'the server crashed.', 'a bug appeared.', 'someone did a naughty.', 'pixies got into the server!', 'the server threw a tantrum.', 'the website had a bad day.', 'our code pooped out.'],
  ['Sorry.', 'Apologies.', 'Our bad.', 'Sad day.', 'We are quite contrite.', 'Beg pardon.']

// These are the different elements we'll be populating. They are in the same order as the messages array
const messageElements = [

// we'll use this element for width calculations
const widthElement = document.querySelector('#js-hidden');
// keeping track of the message we just displayed last
let lastMessageType = -1;
// How often the page should swap messages
let messageTimer = 4000;

// on document load, setup the initial messages AND set a timer for setting messages
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', (event) => {
  setInterval(() => {
  }, messageTimer);

// Get initial messages for each message element
function setupMessages() {
  messageElements.forEach((element, index) => {
    let newMessage = getNewMessage(index);
    element.innerText = newMessage;

// set the width of a given element to match its text's width
function calculateWidth(element, message) {
  // use our dummy hidden element to get the text's width. Then use that to set the real element's width
  widthElement.innerText = message;
  let newWidth = widthElement.getBoundingClientRect().width; = `${newWidth}px`;

// swap a message for one of the message types
function swapMessage() {
  let toSwapIndex = getNewSwapIndex();
  let newMessage  = getNewMessage(toSwapIndex);
  // Animate the disappearing, setting width, and reappearing
  messageElements[toSwapIndex].style.lineHeight = '0';
  // once line height is done transitioning, set element width & message
  setTimeout(() => {
    // make sure the element has a width set for transitions
    checkWidthSet(toSwapIndex, messageElements[toSwapIndex].innerText);
    // set the new text
    messageElements[toSwapIndex].innerText = newMessage; 
    // set the new width
    calculateWidth(messageElements[toSwapIndex], newMessage);
  }, 200);
  // once width is done, transition the lineheight back to 1 so we can view the message
  setTimeout(() => {
    messageElements[toSwapIndex].style.lineHeight = '1.2';
  }, 400);

// We need to make sure that the element at the passed index has a width set so we can use transitions
function checkWidthSet(index, message) {
  if (false == messageElements[index].style.width) {
    messageElements[index].style.width = `${messageElements[index].clientWidth}px`;

// Return a new index to swap message in. Should not be the same as the last message type swapped
function getNewSwapIndex() {
  let newMessageIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * messages.length);
  while (lastMessageType == newMessageIndex) {
    newMessageIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * messages.length);
  return newMessageIndex;

// Get a new message for the message element.
function getNewMessage(toSwapIndex) {
  const messagesArray   = messages[toSwapIndex];
  const previousMessage = messageElements[toSwapIndex].innerText;
  // Get a new random index and the message at that index
  let newMessageIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * messagesArray.length);
  let newMessage      = messagesArray[newMessageIndex];
  // let's make sure they aren't the same as the message already there
  while (newMessage == previousMessage) {
    newMessageIndex = Math.floor(Math.random() * messagesArray.length);
    newMessage      = messagesArray[newMessageIndex];
  return newMessage;