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HTML

              
                <h1>Fixed Table Header Demo: Page Level</h1>

<h2>Column Headers</h2>

  <table>
    <caption id="HeadersRow">Books with a Fixed Column Header Row</caption>
    <thead>
      <tr>
        <th>Author</th>
        <th>Title</th>
        <th>Year</th>
        <th>ISBN-13</th>
      </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <td>Miguel De Cervantes</td>
        <td>The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha</td>
        <td>1605</td>
        <td>9783125798502</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve</td>
        <td>La Belle et la Bête</td>
        <td>1740</td>
        <td>9781910880067</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Sir Isaac Newton</td>
        <td>The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series: With Its Application to the Geometry of Curve-lines</td>
        <td>1763</td>
        <td>9781330454862</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Mary Shelley</td>
        <td>Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus</td>
        <td>1818</td>
        <td>9781530278442</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Herman Melville</td>
        <td>Moby-Dick; or, The Whale</td>
        <td>1851</td>
        <td>9781530697908</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth</td>
        <td>The Hidden Hand</td>
        <td>1888</td>
        <td>9780813512969</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>F. Scott Fitzgerald</td>
        <td>The Great Gatsby</td>
        <td>1925</td>
        <td>9780743273565</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>George Orwell</td>
        <td>Nineteen Eighty-Four</td>
        <td>1948</td>
        <td>9780451524935</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td>Nnedi Okorafor</td>
        <td>Who Fears Death</td>
        <td>2010</td>
        <td>9780756406691</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>

<h2>Row Headers</h2>

  <table>
    <caption id="HeadersCol">Books with a Fixed Row Header Column</caption>
    <thead>
      <tr>
        <th>Author</th>
        <th>Title</th>
        <th>Year</th>
        <th>ISBN-13</th>
        <th>ISBN-10</th>
      </tr>
    </thead>
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Miguel De Cervantes</th>
        <td>The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha</td>
        <td>1605</td>
        <td>9783125798502</td>
        <td>3125798507</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve</th>
        <td>La Belle et la Bête</td>
        <td>1740</td>
        <td>9781910880067</td>
        <td>191088006X</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Sir Isaac Newton</th>
        <td>The Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series: With Its Application to the Geometry of Curve-lines</td>
        <td>1763</td>
        <td>9781330454862</td>
        <td>1330454863</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Mary Shelley</th>
        <td>Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus</td>
        <td>1818</td>
        <td>9781530278442</td>
        <td>1530278449</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Herman Melville</th>
        <td>Moby-Dick; or, The Whale</td>
        <td>1851</td>
        <td>9781530697908</td>
        <td>1530697905</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Emma Dorothy Eliza Nevitte Southworth</th>
        <td>The Hidden Hand</td>
        <td>1888</td>
        <td>9780813512969</td>
        <td>0813512964</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">F. Scott Fitzgerald</th>
        <td>The Great Gatsby</td>
        <td>1925</td>
        <td>9780743273565</td>
        <td>0743273567</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">George Orwell</th>
        <td>Nineteen Eighty-Four</td>
        <td>1948</td>
        <td>9780451524935</td>
        <td>0451524934</td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <th scope="row">Nnedi Okorafor</th>
        <td>Who Fears Death</td>
        <td>2010</td>
        <td>9780756406691</td>
        <td>0756406692</td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>

<p>
  Used in the blog post <a href="https://adrianroselli.com/2020/01/fixed-table-headers.html"><cite>Fixed Table Headers</cite></a>.
</p>
              
            
!

CSS

              
                body {
  font-family: "Segoe UI", -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, Roboto,
    Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, "Helvetica Neue", sans-serif;
  line-height: 1.4;
  color: #333;
  background-color: #fff;
  padding: 0 5vw;
}

/* Standard Tables */

table {
  margin: 1em 0;
  border-collapse: collapse;
  border: 0.1em solid #d6d6d6;
}

caption {
  text-align: left;
  font-style: italic;
  padding: 0.25em 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em;
}

th,
td {
  padding: 0.25em 0.5em 0.25em 1em;
  vertical-align: text-top;
  text-align: left;
  text-indent: -0.5em;
}

th {
  vertical-align: bottom;
  background-color: #666;
  color: #fff;
}

tr:nth-child(even) th[scope=row] {
  background-color: #f2f2f2;
}

tr:nth-child(odd) th[scope=row] {
  background-color: #fff;
}

tr:nth-child(even) {
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05);
}

tr:nth-child(odd) {
  background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.05);
}

td:nth-of-type(2) {
  font-style: italic;
}

th:nth-of-type(3),
td:nth-of-type(3) {
  text-align: right;
}

/* Fixed Headers */

th {
  position: -webkit-sticky;
  position: sticky;
  top: 0;
  z-index: 2;
}

th[scope=row] {
  position: -webkit-sticky;
  position: sticky;
  left: 0;
  z-index: 1;
}

th[scope=row] {
  vertical-align: top;
  color: inherit;
  background-color: inherit;
  background: linear-gradient(90deg, transparent 0%, transparent calc(100% - .05em), #d6d6d6 calc(100% - .05em), #d6d6d6 100%);
}

table:nth-of-type(2) th:not([scope=row]):first-child {
  left: 0;
  z-index: 3;
  background: linear-gradient(90deg, #666 0%, #666 calc(100% - .05em), #ccc calc(100% - .05em), #ccc 100%);
}

/* Strictly for making the scrolling happen. */

th[scope=row] + td {
  min-width: 24em;
}

th[scope=row] {
  min-width: 20em;
}

body {
  padding-bottom: 90vh;
}
              
            
!

JS

              
                
              
            
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