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              <main>
  <h1>HTML Buddies: <code>&lt;del&gt;</code> & <code>&lt;ins&gt;</code></h1>

  <p>
    These styles may not be beautiful (they aren’t), but they work for screen reader users who cannot see them (including multilingual support), they work in Windows High Contrast Mode (WHCM), and they work when printed. That means you can steal the CSS and fold it into your own eye-catching styles to make them accessible. Also, the contrast in these examples is sufficient, but be sure your own styles have good contrast too.
  </p>

  <h2>Deleted Text</h2>

  <p>
    Using the <code>&lt;del&gt;</code> element on <del>text that we are indicating is deleted</del>. It should be obvious which text we just cut.
  </p>

  <h2>Inserted Text</h2>

  <p>
    Opposite of the last one, this is <ins>text that we are indicating has been added</ins>. We do this with the <code>&lt;ins&gt;</code> element.
  </p>

  <h2>References</h2>

  <ul>
    <li>
      Read more in my blog post <a href="http://adrianroselli.com/2017/12/tweaking-text-level-styles.html"><cite>Tweaking Text Level Styles</cite></a>, where I also discuss <code>&lt;mark&gt;</code> and <code>&lt;s&gt;</code>. I have screen shots of print styles and WHCM, and videos of screen readers.
    </li>

    <li>
      This pen is for the May 2018 week 1 CodePen challenge, <a href="https://codepen.io/challenges/2018/may/">HTML Buddies</a>.
    </li>
    
    <li>
      You can see a <a href="https://blog.codepen.io/2018/05/14/html-buddies-may-codepen-challenges/">wrap-up of week 1 on the CodePen blog</a>.
    </li>
    
    <li>
      See <a href="http://adrianroselli.com/2018/06/codepen-html-buddies-challenge.html" target="_top">all four of my pens for this challenge</a> at my site with additional context.
    </li>
  </ul>

</main>
            
          
!
            
              @import url('https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Lato:400,700|VT323');

body {
  background-color: #a08caf;
  color: #333;
  font-family: Lato, Arial, sans-serif;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  line-height: 1.5;
}

li:not(:first-of-type) {
  margin-top: 1em;
}

code {
  font-family: 'VT323', 'Courier New', Courier, monospace;
  font-size: 110%;
  font-weight: normal;
  font-variant-ligatures: none;
  padding: 0.05em 0.25em;
  background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.75);
  border-radius: 0.5em;
  box-decoration-break: slice;
}

main {
  display: block;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  width: 90%;
  margin: 1em auto;
  padding: 1em 2em;
  color: #000;
  background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.8);
  border: 0.07em solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);
  border-radius: 0.5em;
}

/* Base styles */
del {
  text-decoration: line-through;
}

ins {
  text-decoration: none;
  border-bottom: 0.2em double #080;
}

/* Screen-reader styles */
del::before,
del::after,
ins::before,
ins::after {
  /* Common style for visually-hiding content */
  clip-path: inset(100%);
  clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);
  height: 1px;
  width: 1px;
  overflow: hidden;
  position: absolute;
  white-space: nowrap;
}

del::before {
  content: " [deletion start] ";
}

del::after {
  content: " [deletion end] ";
}

ins::before {
  content: " [insertion start] ";
}

ins::after {
  content: " [insertion end] ";
}

/* Screen-reader styles in Spanish */
:root:lang(es) del::before {
  content: " [inicio de eliminación] ";
}

:root:lang(es) del::after {
  content: " [fin de eliminación] ";
}

:root:lang(es) ins::before {
  content: " [inicio de inserción] ";
}

:root:lang(es) ins::after {
  content: " [fin de inserción] ";
}

/* Windows High Contrast Mode styles */
@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast: active) {
  ins {
    border-bottom-color: Highlight;
  }
}

/* Print styles */
@media print {
  ins {
    border-bottom-width: 3pt;
  }
}

            
          
!
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