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       <h2>You used to call me....</h2>
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      <img src="https://gph.to/2MUgOpW" id="header-pic">
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       <h2>Callback functions in JavaScript</h2>
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      <h2>Background</h2>
      <p>JS is considered to be synchronous i.e. single threaded. So one line of code is executed at a time. It cannot multi-task and move on to the next line/block of code till the current line/block has been executed.</p>
      <p>So if you have a JavaScript function which has to perform some complex computations, it may well be possible that during that time other parts of the application freeze..</p>
        <img src="data:image/jpeg;base64,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">
      <p>If you're reading this then you are probably acquainted with the idea that almost everything in JS is an object (primitive types behave as objects as they have an object wrapper class around them). This includes functions.</p>
      <p>So functions are objects i.e the typeof is object,which means:
        <ul>
   <li>Functions can be stored in variables</li>
<li>You can pass in a function as an argument to another function</li>
  <li>You can return a function, from a function</li>
 <li>One function can be created inside another</li>
          <p><i>These are aspects of what is known as asychronous programming</i></p>
      </ul>
      </p>
    <p><b>Some use cases of callback functions</b></p>
    <ul>
      <li>DOM events sucha s clicks and User Input/Output</li>
      <li>Databases (e.g. MySQL,MongoDB,CouchDB etc)</li>
      <li> Fetching data from APIs (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Push Notifications)</li>
      <li>HTTP and web socket connections</li>      
    </ul>
    
    </div> <!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
    <div class="col-sm-6">
      <h2>Callback functions</h2>
      <p><mark>A function that is passed as an argument to another function to be called, is called a Callback function</mark></p>
      <p>The function that accepts another function as an argument is called a higher-order function and contains the logic for when the callback function is executed. This outer function undertakes the async task.</p>
      <p><q>A reference to executable code, or a piece of executable code, that is passed as an argument to other code. - Wikipedia</q></p>
      <p>But why?</p>
      <p><mark>Callback functions are efficient as a function doesn't have to wait for something to finish/return a value in order to complete a routine/task</mark>These are often used in DOM events.</p>
      <p></p>
      <p><i>Callback functions can be asynchronous or synchronous.
</i></p>
      <p>In a normal function some value is returned and stored in a variable to presumably perform some other task. However, with callback functions the callback funtion is passed as an argument to the main function and, the value returned from the main function is provided instead to the callback function.</p>
      <p>It is also a way of making sure that an event  for example "click" has taken place before something else runs.</p>
      <p>So the callback function is available but won't run till an event for example "click" event occurs</p>
          <p>Example:</p>
        <code>
          <span class="comment">//mainFunc accepts a callback function as a parameter</span><br>
    function mainFunc(item1, item2, callback) {<br>
  alert('I like eating: ' + item1 + 'and ' + item2);<br>
 <span class="comment">//callback function is called after the above lines have finished executing</span><br>       
  callback();<br>
}<br>
mainFunc('chocolate', 'cheese', function() {<br>
  alert('Do you have some?');<br>
});<br>
           </code>
</div> <!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
  </div> <!-- end of row -->
  <div class='row'>
      <div class="col-sm-6">
      <h2>What's happening?</h2>
        <p>When we pass a function as an argument to another function, we are treating it like a variable. </p>
        <p>Only the function defination is passed. The function is not executed in the parameter.</p>
        <p>The Callback function is executed at some point later within the original function's body.</p>
        <p> JavaScript is still executing the code/functions in the order given. The only change is that JS doesn't wait for a response before moving on.</p>
</div> <!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
      <div class="col-sm-6">
      <h2>How</h2>
 <ol>
<li><p>Pass a named function to be called immediately after the main function. Named functions don't have '( )' when passed as a function parameter to another function</p>
   </li>
   <li><p>Anonymous function as a parameter to another function </p>
   </li>
    <li> You can store a reference to the callback function in a named variable </li>
    </ol>
</div> <!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
</div> <!-- end of row -->
<div class="row">
  <div class="col-md-6">
    <h2>Exercise</h2>
    <p>1. Code a callback function which runs upon a click event on the button below to alert the string "hello"</p>
    <p>2. Code a callback function that will alert the string "bye" 5 seconds after the callback function following the click event</p>
    <div class='row'>
      <div class="col-sm-6">
<img src ="https://media.giphy.com/media/l378hTn2fvdjSNhew/giphy.gif">
      </div> <!-- end of nested col-6 -->
      <div class="col-sm-6">
        <p> This is the button to work with. It has an id of "myButton" via which you can select it in  your JS file or here on codepen </p>
        <p><button class="btn btn-success btn-lg" id="myButton">Button</button></p>
        <p><i class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-3x"></i></p>
        <p>Code a function called which is called after the click event. The function  uses an anonymous function as a callback and alerts ("This is alerted 2nd").
        <p><i class="fa fa-arrow-down fa-3x"></i></p>
        <p>Code a function called <mark>"callBackFunction"</mark> which is  referenced by the variable <code>var callbackFuncVar</code> and is called after the click event and alerts("bye")</p>
        <p>Call the callback function referenced by var callbackFuncVar within this main function</p></p>
      </div> <!-- end of nested col-6 -->
    </div> <!-- end of nested row -->
  </div><!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
    <div class="col-md-6">
      <h2>Examples:</h2>
      <ol>
        <li> <p>Named Callback function</p>
          <code><button id="myId">click</button><br>
          var button = document.getElementById("myButton");
          button.addEventListener("click");
          button.addEventListener("click", hello());
          <br>
          function hello(){ <br>
          alert("hello"); <br>
          }       
</code>
       </li> 
        <li> <p>AnonymousCallback function</p><code>
          button.addEventListener("click", function(){<br>
           alert("hello");<br>
          });        
          </code></li>
        <li> <p>Using a named variable</p><code>
          function addNum(num1, num2 , callback){ </br>
   heading.innerHTML+= ( "This is displayed first" + num1 + num2); <br>
   callback(); <br>
      } </br>
     
      <span class="comment"> // display() function is called just after the ending of addNum()</span> <br>
   var display = function display(){ <br>
    heading.innerHTML+= ("This is printed after addition"); <br>
   } <br>
     
      <span class="comment">// Calling addNum()</span><br>
      function 
   addNum(1,6,display);          
          </code>
        </li>
      </ol>
  </div><!-- end of col-sm-6 -->
</div><!-- end of row -->
    <div class="row">
    <div class="col-sm-4">
      <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">JavaScript defines a `callback` differently than other languages. Callbacks typically happens afterwards. In JavaScript this is not the case. callback can refer to a function pointer and be synchronous. I thought I saw this from <a href="https://twitter.com/rauschma?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@rauschma</a>, but I can&#39;t find it now.</p>&mdash; JavaScript Joel 👾 (@joelnet) <a href="https://twitter.com/joelnet/status/1120792338165420032?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">April 23, 2019</a></blockquote>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
    </div><!-- end of col-sm-4 -->
    <div class="col-sm-4">
    <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Day 6 <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/100DaysOfCode?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#100DaysOfCode</a> Forgot to tweet yesterday. <br><br>Learned about the DOM (Document Object Model) and callback functions. A callback function is a function that we pass into another function as an argument, which will then call the function for us. <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/javascript?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#javascript</a> <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ES6?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#ES6</a></p>&mdash; Ian (@iandv6) <a href="https://twitter.com/iandv6/status/1104976471402065921?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">March 11, 2019</a></blockquote>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
      <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">My answer to How does the Javascript callback function work? <a href="https://t.co/KzGci2jf34">https://t.co/KzGci2jf34</a></p>&mdash; Neha Sharma (@hellonehha) <a href="https://twitter.com/hellonehha/status/1118450069177602048?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">April 17, 2019</a></blockquote>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>

  </div>
        <div class="col-sm-4">
          <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Javascript Callback Function Example <a href="https://t.co/BwlbTsjYhl">https://t.co/BwlbTsjYhl</a></p>&mdash; Web Code Geeks (@webcodegeeks) <a href="https://twitter.com/webcodegeeks/status/1121428678888579075?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">April 25, 2019</a></blockquote>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
          <blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-lang="en"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Two JavaScript functions on the phone:<br><br>— &quot;Don&#39;t worry, I&#39;ll give you a callback.&quot;<br>— &quot;Promise?&quot;</p>&mdash; Eduardo Bouças (@eduardoboucas) <a href="https://twitter.com/eduardoboucas/status/627807319687081984?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 2, 2015</a></blockquote>
<script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script>
    </div><!-- end of col-sm-4 -->
  </div> <!-- end of row -->
      <footer>
      <p>Code worksheet #4. Made with <i class="fa fa-heart-o"></i> and <i class="fa fa-coffee"></i> Kauress 2019</p>
    </footer>
  
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CSS

              
                @import url("https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Montserrat:400,400i,700");
body{
font-family: Montserrat, sans-serif; 
overflow-x: hidden;
}
h2{
  margin-top: 30px;
  text-align:left;
}
#header-row{
  text-align:center;
}
#header-pic{
  height: 250px;
}
footer{
  margin-top:40px;
  text-align: center;
}
mark{
  background-color: yellow;
}
.fa-arrow-down {
  margin: 10px;
}
.comment{
  background-color: #D8D8D8;
}
code{
  font-size: 15px;
}
              
            
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JS

              
                
              
            
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Console