<script src="https://unpkg.com/konva@8/konva.min.js"></script>
<p>Hold left mouse button and drag to add a line with multiple points <br />
  Red line shows mouse points, blue line shows simplified points. </p>
<p><b>Try a long stright line to see the simplification effect</b></p>
<p><button id='reset'>Reset</button></p>
<p><span id='info'>.</span></p>


<div id="container"></div> 
body {
  margin: 20px;
  padding: 0;
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: #f0f0f0;
}
#container {
  border: 1px solid silver;
  width: 600px;
  height: 200px;
}
 

/*
 (c) 2017, Vladimir Agafonkin
 Simplify.js, a high-performance JS polyline simplification library
 mourner.github.io/simplify-js
*/

(function () { 'use strict';

// to suit your point format, run search/replace for '.x' and '.y';
// for 3D version, see 3d branch (configurability would draw significant performance overhead)

// square distance between 2 points
function getSqDist(p1, p2) {

    var dx = p1.x - p2.x,
        dy = p1.y - p2.y;

    return dx * dx + dy * dy;
}

// square distance from a point to a segment
function getSqSegDist(p, p1, p2) {

    var x = p1.x,
        y = p1.y,
        dx = p2.x - x,
        dy = p2.y - y;

    if (dx !== 0 || dy !== 0) {

        var t = ((p.x - x) * dx + (p.y - y) * dy) / (dx * dx + dy * dy);

        if (t > 1) {
            x = p2.x;
            y = p2.y;

        } else if (t > 0) {
            x += dx * t;
            y += dy * t;
        }
    }

    dx = p.x - x;
    dy = p.y - y;

    return dx * dx + dy * dy;
}
// rest of the code doesn't care about point format

// basic distance-based simplification
function simplifyRadialDist(points, sqTolerance) {

    var prevPoint = points[0],
        newPoints = [prevPoint],
        point;

    for (var i = 1, len = points.length; i < len; i++) {
        point = points[i];

        if (getSqDist(point, prevPoint) > sqTolerance) {
            newPoints.push(point);
            prevPoint = point;
        }
    }

    if (prevPoint !== point) newPoints.push(point);

    return newPoints;
}

function simplifyDPStep(points, first, last, sqTolerance, simplified) {
    var maxSqDist = sqTolerance,
        index;

    for (var i = first + 1; i < last; i++) {
        var sqDist = getSqSegDist(points[i], points[first], points[last]);

        if (sqDist > maxSqDist) {
            index = i;
            maxSqDist = sqDist;
        }
    }

    if (maxSqDist > sqTolerance) {
        if (index - first > 1) simplifyDPStep(points, first, index, sqTolerance, simplified);
        simplified.push(points[index]);
        if (last - index > 1) simplifyDPStep(points, index, last, sqTolerance, simplified);
    }
}

// simplification using Ramer-Douglas-Peucker algorithm
function simplifyDouglasPeucker(points, sqTolerance) {
    var last = points.length - 1;

    var simplified = [points[0]];
    simplifyDPStep(points, 0, last, sqTolerance, simplified);
    simplified.push(points[last]);

    return simplified;
}

// both algorithms combined for awesome performance
function simplify(points, tolerance, highestQuality) {

    if (points.length <= 2) return points;

    var sqTolerance = tolerance !== undefined ? tolerance * tolerance : 1;

    points = highestQuality ? points : simplifyRadialDist(points, sqTolerance);
    points = simplifyDouglasPeucker(points, sqTolerance);

    return points;
}

// export as AMD module / Node module / browser or worker variable
if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) define(function() { return simplify; });
else if (typeof module !== 'undefined') {
    module.exports = simplify;
    module.exports.default = simplify;
} else if (typeof self !== 'undefined') self.simplify = simplify;
else window.simplify = simplify;

})();


/*
* From here onwards we set up the stage and its contents.
*/
const stage = new Konva.Stage({
        container: 'container',
        width: $('#container').innerWidth(),
        height: $('#container').innerHeight() 
      }),
      layer = new Konva.Layer(),
      layer1 = new Konva.Layer();

let path, path1, dot, info = $('#info'), lineCnt = 0;
stage.add(layer, layer1);

let points = [], segments = [];

function addPoint(pt){
  
  // store the new raw point
  points.push(pt);
    
 // Add a visible marker for the raw pt
  const newDot = dot.clone({x: pt.x, y: pt.y});
  layer.add(newDot)

  // Make the drawing commands for the raw line
  // convert to drawing commands, supported commands are M, m, L, l, H, h, V, v, Q, q, T, t, C, c, S, s, A, a, Z, z
  let pathData = "", pathData1 = "";
  for (let i = 0; i < points.length; i++){
    let pt = points[i];
    switch (i){
      case 0:
        pathData+="M " + pt.x + " " + pt.y;
        break;
        
      default:
        pathData+="L " + pt.x + " " + pt.y;
        break;
    }
  }
 
  // remove the current simplified point markers ready to redraw after simplification
  const kids = layer1.find('.dotline' + lineCnt);
  for (let i = 0; i < kids.length; i++){
    kids[i].remove();
  }

  // simplify the raw points to make an equiv line with fewer points.
  const simplifiedPts = simplify(points);

  info.html('Raw points ' + points.length + ', simplified to ' + simplifiedPts.length)

  // Make the drawing commands for the simplified line
  for (let i = 0; i < simplifiedPts.length; i++){
    let pt = simplifiedPts[i];
    switch (i){
      case 0:
        pathData1+="M " + pt.x + " " + pt.y;
        break;
        
      default:
        pathData1+="L " + pt.x + " " + pt.y;
        break;
    }   
    const newDot1 = dot.clone({x: pt.x - 25, y: pt.y, name: 'dotline' + lineCnt});
    layer1.add(newDot1)
  }
   
  // set the new path data into the paths objects.
  path.data(pathData);
  path1.data(pathData1);
  
}

// user ends drawing with mouse up  
stage.on('mouseup', function (e) { 
  reset(false)
})

// user draws with mouse held down and moving
stage.on('mousemove', function (e) { 
  if (e.evt.buttons == 1){ // left btn only
    const pt = stage.getPointerPosition();
    addPoint(pt)    
  }
})

// reset button
$('#reset').on('click', function(){
  reset(true)
 
})
// reset the stage and points lists
function reset(clear){
  if (clear){
    layer.removeChildren();
    layer1.removeChildren();
  }
  points = [];
  segments = [];
  
  path = new Konva.Path({stroke: 'red', strokeWidth: 4});
  dot = new Konva.Circle({strokeWidth: 2, stroke: 'lime', radius: 5});
  path1 = new Konva.Path({stroke: 'blue', strokeWidth: 4, x: -25});
  layer.add(path, path1);   
  lineCnt++;
}
reset(true);

External CSS

This Pen doesn't use any external CSS resources.

External JavaScript

  1. https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.6.0/jquery.min.js