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<svg viewBox="0 0 100 100" width="100%" height="100%">
  <defs>
    <marker id="start" viewBox="-5 -5 10 10"
            markerWidth="5" markerHeight="5">
      <circle r="4" fill="none" stroke="darkgray"/>
      <text font-size="8" dy="0.4em" 
            text-anchor="middle">S</text>
    </marker>
  </defs>
  <path id="p" d="M50 20
           Q80 0 70 30 T 70 70 T 30 70 T30 30Z"
        fill="none" stroke="gray" 
        marker-start="url(#start)"/>
  <circle r="4" fill="red" fill-opacity="0.7">
    <animateMotion id="forward" 
                   dur="10s" begin="0s"  fill="freeze"
                   keyPoints="0.3;1;0;0.3"
                   keyTimes="0;0.7;0.7;1"
                   calcMode="linear" >
      <mpath xlink:href="#p"/>
    </animateMotion>
    <animateMotion id="backward" 
                   begin="forward.end + 1s"
                   dur="10s" fill="freeze"
                   keyPoints="0.3;0;1;0.3"
                   keyTimes="0;0.3;0.3;1"
                   calcMode="linear" >
      <mpath xlink:href="#p"/>
    </animateMotion>
  </circle>
  <text font-size="5"><textPath xlink:href="#p" startOffset="30%" method="stretch" spacing="auto"><tspan dy="-2">Animating motion on a closed path, starting from an arbitrary point partway along the path.</tspan></textPath>
  
</svg>
<p> There is no pre-defined way in SVG1.1 to define an offset for <code>&lt;animateMotion&gt;</code>.  However, you can mimic this behaviour by using key points and times, jumping from the end to the beginning of the path instantaneously.
</p>
<p>The math to calculate <code>keyPoints</code> and <code>keyTimes</code> for the forward movement is as follows:
<code><dl>
  <dt>keyPoints</dt> 
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>1</dd>
    <dd>0</dd>
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
  <dt>keyTimes</dt> 
    <dd>0</dd>
    <dd>(1 - startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>(1 - startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>1</dd>
</dl></code>
For the reverse motion, it is:
<code><dl>
  <dt>keyPoints</dt> 
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>0</dd>
    <dd>1</dd>
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
  <dt>keyTimes</dt> 
    <dd>0</dd>
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>(startPosition)</dd>
    <dd>1</dd>
</dl></code>
  In both cases <code>startPosition</code> is a decimal between 0 and 1 representing the proportion of distance along the path.  You also need to explicitly set <code>calcMode="linear"</code> for the key values to have an effect.
  </p>
  <p>Now if only there was a way to get text on a path to wrap around a closed path.
body, html {
  height: 100%;
}

@media (orientation: landscape) {
  svg {
    height: 100%;
    width: 70%;
    float: right;
    display: block;
  }
}
@media (orientation: portrait) {
  svg {
    height: 70%;
    width: 100%;
    display: block;
  }
}
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