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              <div class=IMG>

  <h1 class=IMG_title>
    <span class=IMG_copy-1>Scaling</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-2>font-size</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-3>in</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-4>prop<span>o</span>rtion</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-5>to an</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-6>image</span>
    <span class=IMG_copy-7><span>&harr;</span> Resize the window</span>

  <div class=IMG_bg></div>


<section class=credits>

    <li><a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://websemantics.uk/tools/responsive-font-calculator/">Fluid-responsive font-size calculator</a></li>

    <li>Photo: <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://unsplash.com/?photo=6DivtP_WRYs">Marcus Castro</a></li>
    <li>Real world example: <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://www.tesco.com/food-love-stories/">Food Love Stories</a></li>
    <li>Dirty 'orrible 'acky <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://codepen.io/2kool2/pen/PKGrdj?editors=1000">Safari resize fix</a></li>

    <li><a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://codepen.io/2kool2/pens/popular/?grid_type=list#">Pens by Mike Foskett</a> &mdash; <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://websemantics.uk/">webSemantics</a></li>


              /* Generic styling */
* {
  -moz-box-sizing: border-box;
  -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
body {
  font-family: sans-serif;
  line-height: 1.5;
  background-color: #B5C6AF;
h1 {font-weight: 400}
.credits {margin: 2rem}
h2 {font-weight: 100}
ul {margin-left: 1rem}
li {margin: .5rem 0}
a {
  color: #000 !important;
  text-decoration: none;
  border-bottom: 1px solid currentColor;
  transition: all .3s ease-out;
  outline: 0 solid transparent;
a:focus {
  background-color: #fff;
  outline: .25em solid #fff;

.IMG {
  position: relative;
  /* Maintain image aspect-ratio */
  height: calc(100vw * 12 / 16);

[class^="IMG_title"] {
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 1;
  color: #fff;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  font-size: 1rem;
  /* Fluid-responsive font-size calculator: https://websemantics.uk/tools/responsive-font-calculator/ */
  /* 1em(16px) @ 20em(320px) increasing to 2em(32px) @ 40em(640px) */
  font-size: calc(1rem + ((1vw - 0.2em) * 5));
  /* WCAG: Shadow to increase contrast around text edges */
  text-shadow: 0 0 3px #000;

[class^="IMG_copy"] {
  position: absolute;
  white-space: nowrap;
.IMG_copy-1 {
  top: 20vw;
  left: 3.5vw;
  font-size: 1.125em;
.IMG_copy-2 {
  top: 41vw;
  left: 3.2vw;
  font-size: 1em;
.IMG_copy-3 {
  top: 12vw;
  left: 55.75vw;
  font-size: 1.125em;
.IMG_copy-4 {
  top: 28.75vw;
  left: 36.1vw;
  font-size: 0.75em;
  .IMG_copy-4 span{
    font-size: 2.65em;
    vertical-align: middle;
    display: inline-block;
    color: rgb(255,255,255);
    animation: color-rotate 4s infinite;
  @keyframes color-rotate {
    50% {color: #6d3; transform: scale(1.5)}
.IMG_copy-5 {
  top: 19.25vw;
  left: 73vw;
  font-size: 0.7em;
.IMG_copy-6 {
  top: 33vw;
  left: 71.4vw;
  font-size: 0.85em;
.IMG_copy-7 {
  top: 65vw;
  left: 34vw;
  .IMG_copy-7 span {
    display: inline-block;
    color: rgb(255,255,255);
    font-size: 1.5em;
    margin-right: .125em;
    vertical-align: baseline;
    animation: color-rotate-scale 2s infinite;
  @keyframes color-rotate-scale {
    50% {color: #6d3; transform: scale(1.5, 1)}

.IMG_bg {
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  background-size: cover;
  /* Photo: Marcus Castro https://unsplash.com/?photo=6DivtP_WRYs */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1496241028573-69327bf8f9d5?w=1920);
              // Dirty 'orrible 'acky fix!
// Safari only - Fix for vw / vh units inside a Codepen iframe
(function () {
  var ua = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
  if (ua.indexOf('safari') != -1) {
    if (!(ua.indexOf('chrome') > -1)) {

      // Safari only
      console.log("99 problems and Safari's just one.");
      window.addEventListener("resize", function() {
      }, false);

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