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              <h1>Vertical &amp; horizontal centring*</h1>



<section class=container-flexbox>
  <div class=centered-flexbox>

    <figure>
    <figcaption>IE10+ (preferred method)</figcaption>
      <pre><code class=language-css spellcheck=false contenteditable>.container-flexbox { 
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrelevant */
  display: flex; /* Collapses box */
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}
.centered-flexbox {
}</code></pre>
    </figure>

  </div>
</section>



<section class=container-float>

  <div class=centered-float>
    <figcaption>IE9+</figcaption>
    <figure>
      <pre><code class=language-css spellcheck=false contenteditable>[class^="container-float"] {
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrelevant */
}
[class^="container-float"]::after {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both;
}
[class^="centered-float"] {
  position: relative;
  float: left; /* Collapses box */
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}</code></pre>
    </figure>
  </div>

</section>



<section class=container-noFixedHeight>
  <div class=centered-noFixedHeight>

    <figure>
    <figcaption>IE9+</figcaption>
      <pre><code class=language-css spellcheck=false contenteditable>[class^="container-noFixedHeight"] {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100vh; /* Unit irrelevant */
}
[class^="centered-noFixedHeight"] {
  position: absolute; /* Collapses box */
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}</code></pre>
    </figure>

  </div>
</section>



<section class=container-absolute>
  <div class=centered-absolute>

    <figure>
    <figcaption>IE9+</figcaption>
      <pre><code class=language-css spellcheck=false contenteditable>[class^="container-absolute"] {
  position: relative;
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrelevant */
}
[class^="centered-absolute"] {
  position: absolute; /* Collapses box */
  width: 50%; /* Requires fixed width in IE9 */
  max-height: 18.5rem;
  top: 0; left: 0; bottom: 0; right: 0;
  margin: auto;
}</code></pre>
    </figure>

  </div>
</section>



<section class=container-section>
  <div class=centered-div>
    <span class=centered-span>
      Centre?
    </span>
  </div>
</section>


<section class=container-float-4>
  <div class=centered-float-4>

    <p>More options and variants: <a class=lnk href="https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2013/08/absolute-horizontal-vertical-centering-css/" target=_blank title="[new window]">Absolute horizontal vertical centering CSS</a>
      
    <p>Photos: <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://unsplash.com/">Unsplash</a>

    <p>*Brit eh?<br>Why do I prefer British Oxford English "centre" over the American Webster "center" but completely dislike "centring" versus "centering"?<br>Both written and vernacular.</p>
    
    <p><a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://codepen.io/2kool2/pens/popular/?grid_type=list#">Pens by Mike Foskett</a> &mdash; <a target=_blank title="[new window]" href="https://websemantics.uk/">webSemantics</a></p>

  </div>
</section>

            
          
!
            
              /* Generic styles */
body {
  font-family: sans-serif;
  line-height: 1.5;
  margin: 0;
  background-color: #1a1a1a;
  color: #fff;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
  overflow: auto;
  -webkit-scroll-snap-points-y: repeat(100%);
  -webkit-scroll-snap-type: mandatory;
  scroll-snap-points-y: repeat(100%);
  scroll-snap-type: mandatory;
}
h1 {
  font-weight: 100;
  position: absolute;
  color: #000;
  box-shadow: 0 0rem 1rem rgba(0,0,0, .5);
  background-color: rgba(255,255,255, .8);
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, 0);
  padding: .5rem 1rem;
  max-width: calc(100% - 2rem);
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 1.2;
}
p {margin: 1rem; max-width: 34rem;}
figure {margin: 0;}
figcaption {
  background-color: rgba(0,0,0, .8);
  text-align: center;
  padding: .25rem;
  font-weight: 700;
}
pre {margin: 0}
pre > code {
  display: block;
  padding: .5rem 1rem 1rem;
  font-size: 1rem;
  line-height: 1.5;
  background-color: rgba(26,26,26, 0.8);
  box-shadow: 0 0 1rem 1rem rgba(0,0,0, .5);
  transition: all .3s ease-out;
  outline: 0 solid;
  text-shadow: 1px 1px #000;
}
pre > code:hover,
pre > code:focus {
  background-color: rgba(26,26,26, 1);
}
pre > code::-moz-selection {
  color: #000;
  background-color: #fff;
}
pre > code::selection {
  color: #000;
  background-color: #fff;
}
pre[class*="language-"] {
  padding: 0;
  background-color: rgba(26,26,26, 0.9);
  border-radius: 0;
}
a {
  color: #fff !important;
  text-decoration: none;
  border-bottom: 1px solid rgba(255,255,255, .5);
}

[class^="container-"] {
  -webkit-scroll-snap-type: mandatory;
  scroll-snap-type: mandatory;
}

[class^="centered-"] {
  
  /* Optional: Keep inside viewport */
  max-width: 100%;
  
  /* OPTIONAL: */
  /* max-height: 250px; */

  /* Not required but plays nice */
  overflow-y: auto;
  box-shadow: 0 0 1rem 1rem rgba(0,0,0, .5);
  transition: all .3s ease-out;
}
[class^="centered-"]:hover{
  background-color: #1a1a1a;
  box-shadow: 0 0 .5rem .25rem rgba(0,0,0, .75);
}


/* Required centring styles */

[class^="container-float"] {
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrevelant */
  /* padding: 1rem; /* Optional */
}
[class^="container-float"]::after {
  content: "";
  display: table;
  clear: both;
}
[class^="centered-float"] {
  position: relative;
  float: left; /* Collapses box */
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}


/* OR */


[class^="container-noFixedHeight"] {
  position: relative;
  min-height: 100vh; /* Unit irrevelant */
}
[class^="centered-noFixedHeight"] {
  position: absolute; /* Collapses box */
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}


/* OR */


[class^="container-absolute"] {
  position: relative;
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrevelant */
}
[class^="centered-absolute"] {
  position: absolute;
  /* Requires fixed width in IE9 */
  width: 50%;
  max-height: 20rem;
  top: 0; left: 0; bottom: 0; right: 0;
  margin: auto;
}


/* OR */


 /* Doesn't work at all in IE9 */
.container-flexbox {
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrevelant */
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
}
.centered-flexbox {
}


/* OR */


[class^="container-section"] {
  position: relative;
  height: 100vh; /* Unit irrevelant */
}
[class^="centered-div"],
[class^="centered-span"] {
  position: absolute; /* Collapses box */
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
}
[class^="centered-div"] {
  /* Sets this div to 50% sq */
  bottom: 0;
  right: 0;
}
[class^="centered-span"] {
/*   max-height: 4rem; */
}


/* Pretty-pretties - Not required */
/* Images unsplash.com */

.container-float {
  background-position: center bottom;
  background-size: cover;
  /* Dmitri Popov */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1497514935393-24b153421536?w=1920);
}
.container-noFixedHeight {
  background-position: center;
  background-size: cover;
  /* Michał Grosicki */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1489343511429-5482f78c15cf?w=1920);
}
.container-absolute {
  background-position: center;
  background-size: cover;
  /* Michał Grosicki */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1494187042164-c3d951f93e5c?w=1920);
}
.container-flexbox {
  background-position: center bottom;
  background-size: cover;
  /* James Padolsey */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1476958526483-36efcaa80b1b?w=1920);
}


.container-section {
  background-position: center;
  background-size: cover;
  /* Michał Grosicki */
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1488485300416-de7f8f876d4b?w=1920);
}
.centered-div {
  border-radius: 50%;
  box-shadow: inset 0 2.5rem 5rem 1.5rem rgba(0,0,0, .8), 0 0 1rem .125rem #000;
  background: linear-gradient(to bottom, #342a29 0%,#b4300a 9%,#ffc102 30%,#edddd7 44%,#e8ebf2 50%,#edddd7 56%,#ffc102 70%,#b4300a 87%,#342a29 100%);
}
.centered-div:hover {
  box-shadow: inset 0 2.5rem 5rem 1.5rem rgba(0,0,0, .8), 0 0 1rem .125rem #000;
}
.centered-span {
  background-color: #000;
  padding: 1rem;
  font-weight: 700;
  border-radius: 50%;
  box-shadow: 0 0 1rem 2rem #b4300a;
}


.container-float-4 {
  padding: 1rem;
  height: calc(100vh - 2rem);
  background-position: center bottom;
  background-size: cover;
  background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1431576901776-e539bd916ba2?w=1920);
}
.centered-float-4 {
  background-color: rgba(0,0,0, .85);
}
            
          
!
999px
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