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              JavaScript \`is\` Helper Function
=================================

\`is\` can be used with every object and allows you to get its class as String. This is more consistend as the use of the JavaScript \`typeof\` function and allows better detection of native classes.

@license MIT

See [Using toString() to detect object class](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/toString#Using_toString_to_detect_object_type) for more details, or take a look to the code.

Here are some comparisation asserts between [typeof](#typeof) and [is](#is):
----------------------------------
            
          
!
            
              body
{
  padding: 10px;
  background: linear-gradient(
      45deg,
      #333 25%,
      #222 25%,
      #222 50%,
      #222 50%,
      #333 50%,
      #333 75%,
      #222 75%
  );
  background-size: 64px 64px;
  font-family: monospace;
  font-weight: bold;
  color: #fff;
}

a
{
  color: #fff;
}

.assert
{
  padding: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 5px;
  border-radius: 8px;
}

.assert-success
{
  background-color: #393;
  border-left: 20px solid #363;
}

.assert-fail
{
  background-color: #933;
  border-left: 20px solid #633;
}
            
          
!
            
              //------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// @section Definition of `is` helper function
//
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * Returns the internal class name of the given object.
 * @see {Using toString() to detect object class|https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Global_Objects/Object/toString#Using_toString_to_detect_object_type}
 * @param {*} value
 * @return {String} 'Array', 'Boolean', 'Date', 'Number', 'Object' etc.
 */
function is(value)
{
  var string = Object.prototype.toString.call(value);

  // `string` contains something like "[object Object]"
  // so extract the interessting part:         ^^^^^^.
  // Quite simple :-)
  return string.substring(8, string.length - 1);
}


//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// @section Demo
//
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

var asserts = document.createElement('div');
asserts.classList.add('asserts');
document.body.appendChild(asserts);

function createAssertElement(text, result)
{
  var assert = document.createElement('div');
  assert.classList.add('assert', result ? 'assert-success' : 'assert-fail');
  assert.innerHTML = text;
  return assert;
}

function assert(text, result)
{
  asserts.appendChild(createAssertElement(text, result));
}

header = document.createElement('h3');
header.textContent = 'typeof ...';
header.id = 'typeof';
asserts.appendChild(header);

assert('typeof true == "boolean"', typeof true == "boolean");
assert('typeof [ 1, 2, 3 ] == "array"', typeof [ 1, 2, 3 ] == "array");
assert('typeof tfunction(){}rue == "boolean"', typeof function(){} == "function");
assert('typeof new Date() == "date"', typeof new Date() == "date");
assert('typeof 0x133700 == "number"', typeof 0x133700 == "number");
assert('typeof { a: 1 } == "object"', typeof { a: 1 } == "object");
assert('typeof /test/ == "regexp"', typeof /test/ == "regexp");
assert('typeof "foobar" == "string"', typeof "foobar" == "string");
assert('typeof new function(){} == "object"', typeof new function(){} == "object");
assert('typeof document == "htmldocument"', typeof document == "htmldocument");


header = document.createElement('h3');
header.textContent = 'is(...)';
header.id = 'is';
asserts.appendChild(header);

assert('is(true) == "Boolean"', is(true) == "Boolean");
assert('is([ 1, 2, 3 ]) == "Array"', is([ 1, 2, 3 ]) == "Array");
assert('is(function(){}) == "Function"', is(function(){}) == "Function");
assert('is(new Date()) == "Date"', is(new Date()) == "Date");
assert('is(0x133700) == "Number"', is(0x133700) == "Number");
assert('is({ a: 1 }) == "Object"', is({ a: 1 }) == "Object");
assert('is(/test/) == "RegExp"', is(/test/) == "RegExp");
assert('is("foobar") == "String"', is("foobar") == "String");
assert('is(new function(){}) == "Object"', is(new function(){}) == "Object");
assert('is(document) == "HTMLDocument"', is(document) == "HTMLDocument");
// and so on.

            
          
!
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