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HTML

            
              <!-- http://css-tricks.com/well-rounded-compound-shapes-css/  -->

<!-- header width:100% position:fixed (z:100) -->
<header class="header-top">
  
    <!-- match .page-wrap width, padding, etc. - 
         :before fills in padding-to-window gap on left - 
         can also extend all the way left (see .header-bg below) -->
  <div class="header-wrap">
  
    <!-- OPTIONAL, if differentiating header and body bg -   
         :before extends taller bg all the way left -->
    <!--<div class="header-bg"></div>-->

    <!-- oveflow:hidden to crop shadows (why we need extra div) - 
         :before adds taller "overhang" on left (z:-1) - 
         :after adds rounded corner under left side (z:-1) -->
    <div class="header-content">

      <div class="header-logo">
        <h1><a href="#top">Logo</a></h1> <!-- (z:2) -->
        <h2>Tagline</h2> <!-- (z:2) -->
      </div>
      
      <!-- oveflow:hidden to crop shadows - 
           :after overlays rounded corner -->
      <div class="header-logo-patch"></div>
      
      <!-- :after adds corner R (z:-1)-->
      <nav class="nav-main horizontal-nav">
        
        <!-- :before adds dropshadow (z:-2) -
        :after adds corner under L (z:-1)-->
        <ul>
          <li>
            <!--big button (z:1)-->
            <a class="big-btn" href="#"><span>Sign Up</span></a>
          </li> 
          <li><a href="#"><span>About</span></a></li>
          <li><a href="#"><span>Team</span></a></li>
          <li><a href="#"><span>Store</span></a></li>
          <li><a href="#"><span>Contact</span></a></li>
        </ul>
      </nav> <!-- end .nav-main -->

      <div class="header-social">
        <nav class="nav-social horizontal-nav"> <!--(z:1)-->
          <ul>
            <li>
              <a class="icon-twitter-sign" href="#"><span class="screen-reader-text"Twitter</span></a>
            </li>
            <li>
              <a class="icon-facebook-sign" href="#"><span class="screen-reader-text">Facebook</span></a>
            </li>
          </ul>
        </nav> <!-- end .nav-social -->
      </div> <!-- end .header-social -->
    
    </div> <!-- end .header-content -->
  </div> <!-- end .header-wrap -->

</header>

<!-- #top link here, not in fixed header -->
<div id="top" class="page-wrap"> 
  
  <!-- :before adds "well" shadow L (z:99) - 
  :after adds "well" shadow R (z:99)-->
  <section class="main well-sides column-1">
    
    <!-- SCROLLING CONTENT, EXAMPLE HTML -->
    
    <h2>Well Rounded: Compound Shapes <span class="nobr">in CSS</span></h2>
    <p>Here's the full layout. There's also a CodePen with <a href="http://codepen.io/parkerbennett/pen/tjiou" target="_blank">just the gist</a> (right-click to open in new tab). 

    <pre rel="HTML"><code class="language-html">
<i>&lt;!-- header width:100% position:fixed --></i>
&lt;header class="header-top"> <i>&lt;!--<span>(z:100)</span>--></i>

  <i>&lt;!-- match .page-wrap width, padding, etc. - 
  :before fills padding-to-window gap left --></i>
  &lt;div class="header-wrap"> 

    <i>&lt;!-- oveflow:hidden to crop shadows - 
    :before adds "overhang" on left <span>(z:-1)</span> - 
    :after adds round corner left <span>(z:-1)</span>--></i>
    &lt;div class="header-content">

      &lt;div class="header-logo">
        &lt;h1>Logo&lt;/h1> <i>&lt;!--<span>(z:2)</span>--></i>
      &lt;/div>
  
      <i>&lt;!-- oveflow:hidden to crop shadows - 
      :after overlays rounded corner --></i>
      &lt;div class="header-logo-patch">&lt;/div> <span class="nobr"><i>&lt;!--<span>(z:1)</span>--></i></span>
 
      <i>&lt;!-- :after adds corner R <span>(z:-1)</span>--></i>
      &lt;nav class="nav-main">

        <i>&lt;!-- :before adds dropshadow <span>(z:-2)</span> -
        :after adds corner under L <span>(z:-1)</span>--></i>
        &lt;ul>
          &lt;li>
            &lt;a class="big-btn" href="#">Sign Up&lt;/a> <span class="nobr"><i>&lt;!--<span>(z:1)</span>--></i></span>
          &lt;/li>
          &lt;li>&lt;a href="#">About&lt;/a>&lt;/li>
          <i>&lt;!-- etc... --></i>
        &lt;/ul>

      &lt;/nav> <i>&lt;!-- end .nav-main --></i> 
    
      &lt;div class="header-social">
        &lt;nav class="nav-social"> <i>&lt;!--<span>(z:1)</span>--></i>
          &lt;ul>
            &lt;li>&lt;a class="icon-twitter-sign" href="#">
    &lt;span class="screen-reader-text">Twitter&lt;/span>&lt;/a>&lt;/li>
            &lt;li>&lt;a class="icon-facebook-sign" href="#">
    &lt;span class="screen-reader-text">Facebook&lt;/span>&lt;/a>&lt;/li>
          &lt;/ul>
        &lt;/nav> <i>&lt;!-- end .nav-social --></i>
      &lt;/div> <i>&lt;!-- end .header-social --></i>
    
    &lt;/div> <i>&lt;!-- end .header-content --></i>
  &lt;/div> <i>&lt;!-- end .header-wrap --></i>
&lt;/header>
  
<i>&lt;!-- #top link here, not in fixed header --></i>
&lt;div id="top" class="page-wrap">

  <i>&lt;!-- :before adds "well" shadow L <span>(z:99)</span> - 
  :after adds "well" shadow R <span>(z:99)</span>--></i>
  &lt;section class="main well-sides">
  &lt;/section> <i>&lt;!-- end .main --></i>

&lt;/div> <i>&lt;!-- end .page-wrap --></i>

</code></pre>
    
    <a href="#top">Back to top</a>
  </section>

</div> <!-- end .page-wrap -->
            
          
!

CSS

            
              @import "compass/css3";

/* VARIABLES *
 * -------------------------- */

/* COLORS & BACKGROUNDS */

$white: white;
$green: #aed2cc;
$tan: #f1e0c5;
$blue: #008fbe;
$green-shadow-rgba: rgba(10,8,6,0.75); /* dark muddy grey */
$dropshadow-rgba: rgba(0,0,0,0.35);
  
$top-bg: $white;
$body-bg: $top-bg; /* differentiate from header: #eaeaea */
$header-bg: $green;
$main-bg: $tan;

$well-header-rgba: $green-shadow-rgba;

$link-color: $blue;
$link-color-hover: darken($link-color, 15%);
$nav-color: $link-color;
$nav-color-hover: darken($nav-color, 15%);
$nav-big-btn-bg: desaturate(lighten($nav-color, 15%), 25%);
$nav-big-btn-bg-hover: lighten($nav-color, 20%);
$nav-bg-hover: lighten($nav-color, 30%);

/* Facebook (2013) */
$facebook-bg: rgb(60, 90, 152);
/* Twitter (2013) */
$twitter-bg: rgb(44, 170, 225);

$header-bg-image: url(https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/23379/bg-map-bluegreen.jpg);
$main-bg-image: url(https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/s.cdpn.io/23379/bg-wood-lighter.jpg);


/* SIZES */
/* prefer calculations here and calculated variables in CSS below */

/* Set left-column-width, derive logo size below */
$hdr-side-width: 270px;
$hdr-big-btn-width: 72px; /* SIGN UP */

/* to see the menu flow to more than 1 line, change 
   $min-width here to something smaller: e.g., * 1.5; */
$min-width: $hdr-side-width * 2; 
$max-width: $hdr-side-width * 3;

$padding-small: 10px;
/* declared for flexibility */
$padding-to-window: $padding-small;
$padding-to-top: $padding-small;
$padding-hdr: $padding-small;

$hdr-big-btn-margin: floor(.75 * $padding-hdr); /* round down */

$border-radius: 8px; /* big-btn radius */
/* larger radius to flow around big button */
$border-radius-hdr: ceil(1.25 * $border-radius); /* round up */
$corner-border-width: $border-radius-hdr;
$corner-border-size: $border-radius-hdr * 2;

$shadow-size: 20px;

$shadow-size-deep: ceil(1.5 * $shadow-size); 

$hdr-menu-item-height: 18px;

$hdr-menu-item-padding-top: $hdr-big-btn-margin;
$hdr-menu-item-padding-bottom: ceil(0.5 * $hdr-big-btn-margin);
$hdr-menu-height: $hdr-menu-item-padding-top + $hdr-menu-item-height + $hdr-menu-item-padding-bottom;

$hdr-menu-item-height: $hdr-menu-height - $padding-hdr;

$hdr-logo-width: $hdr-side-width - $hdr-big-btn-width - 2 * $hdr-big-btn-margin;
$hdr-logo-height: ceil(0.75 * $hdr-logo-width); /* 4x3 */
$hdr-logo-margin-bottom: floor(0.5 * $hdr-menu-height);
/* height of taller left side "overhang" without padding-to-top */
$hdr-side-height: $hdr-logo-height + $hdr-logo-margin-bottom;
$hdr-side-total-height: $hdr-side-height + $padding-to-top;

$hdr-total-height: $hdr-side-total-height + $shadow-size-deep;

/* extra padding-top to make room for column-1 header "overhang" */
$column-1-padding-top: $hdr-side-total-height + floor(.5 *$shadow-size);

/* shorter green bg across top */
/* can specify or calculate: e.g., half the logo height */
$hdr-topwell-height: ceil(0.5 * $hdr-logo-height);

/* height of shorter right side - 
   needed for .header-bg and .main padding-top */
$hdr-top-height: $padding-to-top + $hdr-topwell-height + $hdr-menu-height;

/* size and position of horizontal background "patch" 
   extending background into negative space by size of border-radius-hdr */
$hdr-logo-patch-height: $shadow-size + $border-radius-hdr;
$hdr-logo-patch-width: $hdr-logo-width + $border-radius-hdr;
$hdr-logo-patch-top: $padding-to-top + $hdr-topwell-height - $shadow-size;
$hdr-logo-patch-background-position: -1*($hdr-topwell-height - $shadow-size);

$hdr-big-btn-top: $hdr-topwell-height + $hdr-big-btn-margin;
$hdr-big-btn-left: $hdr-logo-width + $hdr-big-btn-margin;
$hdr-big-btn-height: $hdr-side-height -  $hdr-topwell-height - $hdr-big-btn-margin - $hdr-logo-margin-bottom;
$hdr-big-btn-width: $hdr-side-width - $hdr-logo-width - 2 * $hdr-big-btn-margin;


/* MIXINS 
 * -------------------------- */

@mixin dropshadow-header {
  -webkit-box-shadow: 0 ceil(.67*$shadow-size) $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: 0 ceil(.67*$shadow-size) $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
          box-shadow: 0 ceil(.67*$shadow-size) $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba; }

@mixin well {
  -webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
          box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba; }

@mixin well-left {
  -webkit-box-shadow: inset $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: inset $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
          box-shadow: inset $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba; }

@mixin well-right {
  -webkit-box-shadow: inset -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: inset -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba;
          box-shadow: inset -1*$shadow-size $shadow-size $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $dropshadow-rgba; }

@mixin well-header {
  -webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $well-header-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $well-header-rgba;
          box-shadow: inset 0 0 $shadow-size $well-header-rgba; }

/* used in "patch" to match inset box-shadow */
@mixin well-header-outset {
  /* "opacify" and "transparentize" value between 0 and 1 - 
     .20 more opaque for outset box-shadow to match inset (webkit, by my eye anyway) */
  $deepen-amount: .20;
  -webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 $shadow-size opacify($well-header-rgba, $deepen-amount);
     -moz-box-shadow: 0 0 $shadow-size opacify($well-header-rgba, $deepen-amount);
          box-shadow: 0 0 $shadow-size opacify($well-header-rgba, $deepen-amount); }

/* used in "patch" to add box-shadow on left side only */
@mixin well-header-left {
  -webkit-box-shadow: inset $shadow-size 0 $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $well-header-rgba;
     -moz-box-shadow: inset $shadow-size 0 $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $well-header-rgba;
          box-shadow: inset $shadow-size 0 $shadow-size -1*$shadow-size $well-header-rgba; }


/* FONT PATH
 * -------------------------- */

/* icon font for Twitter & Facebook */
@font-face {
  font-family: 'FontAwesome';
  src: url('http://s.cdpn.io/23379/fontawesome-webfont.eot?v=3.2.1');
  src: url('http://s.cdpn.io/23379/fontawesome-webfont.eot?#iefix&v=3.2.1') format('embedded-opentype'), url('http://s.cdpn.io/23379/fontawesome-webfont.woff?v=3.2.1') format('woff'), url('http://s.cdpn.io/23379/fontawesome-webfont.ttf?v=3.2.1') format('truetype'), url('http://s.cdpn.io/23379/fontawesome-webfont.svg#fontawesomeregular?v=3.2.1') format('svg');
  font-weight: normal;
  font-style: normal;
}

/* CSS
 * -------------------------- */

/* http://www.paulirish.com/2012/box-sizing-border-box-ftw */
*,
*:after,
*:before { 
  -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; /* Safari/Chrome, other WebKit */
	-moz-box-sizing: border-box;    /* Firefox, other Gecko */
	box-sizing: border-box;         /* Opera/IE 8+ */
}

html { 
  overflow-y: scroll; 
  /* weird to scroll content horizontally with fixed header */
  overflow-x: hidden; 
  height: 100%; 
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0; 
}

body { 
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  /* change variable if you want to differentiate */
  background: $body-bg; /* white */
}
  
/* can't assume only one "header" element in HTML5 */
.header-top { 
  /* pin to top - 0 is default */
  position: fixed;
  /* raise z-index to cover, higher here to allow 
     a range of z-indexes in the scrolling content */
  z-index: 100;
  /* height overflows */
  width: 100%;
}

/* match these backgrounds to blend */
/* OPTIONAL, extend header bg color across top */
.header-top,
/* OPTIONAL extra div, extend taller header bg left: */
.header-bg:before,
.header-wrap,
/* padding-to-window strip on taller left side */
.header-wrap:before,
 /* left-side overhang */
.header-content:before {
  background: $top-bg; /* white */
}

/* match widths, margins & padding */
.page-wrap, .header-wrap { 
  width: 90%; 
  min-width: $min-width; 
  max-width: $max-width; 
  /* center content */
  margin: 0 auto; 
  /* separate content from window edge -- 
     padding-top and -bottom specified below.
     Here (not on body) to work with fixed header */
  padding: 0 $padding-to-window;
}

/* padding-left and -right added above */
.header-wrap { 
  /* child elements abaolute */
  position: relative;
  /* a "min-height" for shorter right side */
  height: $hdr-top-height;
}

/* extend bg into padding-to-window gap on taller left side - 
   not needed if extending bg using optional .header-bg div */
.header-wrap:before {
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  /* extra 2px width to cover tiny gap when iOS zooms */
  width: $padding-to-window + 2px;
  height: $hdr-side-total-height;
  /* OPTIONAL, extend padding-to-window "frame" all the way down - 
     may want to do the same on right with an :after pseudo-element:
   height: 100000px; */
}

/* OPTIONAL, if we want to differentiate header and body - 
   .header-bg:before extends taller bg all the way left  */
.header-bg { 
  /* child elements absolute */
  position: relative;
  /* tuck behind header framing */
  z-index: -1;
  width: 100%;
}

/* OPTIONAL, extends bg to left on taller left side  */
.header-bg:before { 
  content: "";
  /* remove from layout */
  position: absolute;
  /* start from the right and extend left */
  right: 100%;
  /* height of shorter right side */
  height: $hdr-side-total-height;
  /* crazy wide - absolutely positioned 
     to start at left edge and go left */
  width: 100000px;
}

.header-content { 
  /* child elements absolute */
  position: relative;
  height: $hdr-total-height;
  width: 100%;
  padding-top: $padding-to-top;
  /* crop shadows at the sides and top */
  overflow: hidden; }

/* add taller left-side "overhang" bg + shadow  */
.header-content:before { 
  content: "";
  /* remove from layout */
  position: absolute;
  /* tuck behind .header-wrap and .nav-main ul
     so right-edge shadow is covered up */
  z-index: -1;
  height: $hdr-side-height;
  width: $hdr-side-width;
  padding: 0;
  border-radius: 0 0 $border-radius-hdr 0;
  @include dropshadow-header;
}

/* INVERTED ROUNDED CORNER under overhang L */
.header-content:after { 
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  /* tuck behind header bg */
  z-index: -1;
  height: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  width: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  border-top: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  border-left: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  top: $hdr-side-total-height - $border-radius-hdr;
  left: -1*$border-radius-hdr;
  /* top left */
  border-radius: $border-radius-hdr * 2 0 0 0;
}

/* match backgrounds to blend */
.header-logo, .header-social { 
  background-color: $header-bg;
  background-image: $header-bg-image;
  @include well-header;
}

.header-logo { 
  position: absolute;
  /* cover .header-content-social */
  /* z-index: 1; */
  height: $hdr-logo-height;
  width: $hdr-logo-width;
  border-radius: $border-radius-hdr 0 $border-radius-hdr $border-radius-hdr;
}

.header-logo h1, .header-logo h2 { 
  position: relative;
  /* overlap .header-logo-patch */
  z-index: 2;
  text-shadow: 0 2px 1px rgba(255,255,255, 0.3), 
    0 0 10px rgba(204,232,229, 0.5)
}

.header-logo h1 { 
  padding: 10px 0 0 18px; 
  font-size: 36px;
}

.header-logo a { 
  color: inherit !important;
  text-decoration: none;
}

.header-logo h2 { 
  margin-top: -2px;
  padding: 0 0 0 18px; 
  font-size: 24px;
}

/* "patch" to cover shadow "seam" of overlapping shapes - 
   can't nest pseudo-elements, so need extra div here -  
   overflow:hidden to crop shadow of rounded corner overlay (below) */
.header-logo-patch {
  display: block;
  overflow: hidden;
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 1;
  top: $hdr-logo-patch-top;
  height: $hdr-logo-patch-height;
  width: $hdr-logo-patch-width;
  background-color: $header-bg;
  background-image: $header-bg-image;
  background-position: 0 $hdr-logo-patch-background-position;
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
  @include well-header-left;
}

/* rounded corner overlay (with outset shadow to match "well") */
.header-logo-patch:after {
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  bottom: -$border-radius-hdr;
  right: -$border-radius-hdr;
  height: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  width: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  background-color: $top-bg;
  border-radius: $border-radius-hdr 0 0 0;
  @include well-header-outset;
}

.header-social { 
  position: absolute;
  top: $padding-to-top;
  height: $hdr-topwell-height;
  width: 100%;
  border-radius: $border-radius-hdr $border-radius-hdr $border-radius-hdr 0;
}

/* NAV */

.horizontal-nav ul, .horizontal-nav li {
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

.horizontal-nav li {
  float: left;
}

.horizontal-nav li a { 
  display: block;
  text-decoration: none;
}

.nav-main { 
  /* child elements absolute */
  position: relative;
  padding-left: $hdr-side-width; 
  padding-top: $hdr-topwell-height + $hdr-menu-item-padding-top; 
  padding-bottom: 0;
  background: none;
}

/* INVERTED ROUNDED CORNER under menu - right */
.nav-main:after { 
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  /* tuck behind nav-main a:hover */
  z-index: -1;
  height: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  width: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  border-top: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  border-right: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  bottom: -1*$border-radius-hdr;
  right: -1*$border-radius-hdr;
  /* top right */
  border-radius: 0 $border-radius-hdr * 2 0 0;
}

.nav-main ul { 
  padding: 0 0 $hdr-menu-item-padding-bottom 2px; /* nudge links right */
  background: $top-bg;
  /* clear floats without extra div or 
     using pseudo-elements needed below - 
     cannot use with position:relative */
  overflow: auto;
  overflow-x: hidden;
}

/* dropshadow tracks with menu height if links exceed 1 line */
.nav-main ul:before { 
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  /* stack shadow behind "overhang" */
  z-index: -2;
  /* same size as parent */
  bottom: 0;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  background: $top-bg;
  @include dropshadow-header;
}

/* INVERTED ROUNDED CORNER under menu - left */
.nav-main ul:after { 
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  /* tuck behind nav-main a:hover */
  z-index: -1;
  height: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  width: $border-radius-hdr * 2;
  border-top: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  border-left: $border-radius-hdr solid $top-bg;
  bottom: -1*$border-radius-hdr;
  left: $hdr-side-width - $border-radius-hdr;
  /* top left */
  border-radius: $border-radius-hdr * 2 0 0 0;
}

.nav-main a, 
.nav-main:visited { 
  display: block;
  height: $hdr-menu-item-height;
  padding: 0 .5em;
  line-height: $hdr-menu-item-height;
  color: $nav-color;
  font-size: 0.8125em;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  border-radius: $border-radius;
}

.nav-main a:active, 
.nav-main a:focus, 
.nav-main a:hover {
  color: $nav-color-hover;
  background: $nav-bg-hover;
}

/* nudge down 1px for uppercase vertical centering */
.nav-main a span { 
  display: block; 
  position: relative; 
  top: 1px; 
}

a.big-btn, a.big-btn:visited { 
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 1;
  height:  $hdr-big-btn-height;
  width: $hdr-big-btn-width;
  top: $hdr-big-btn-top;
  left: $hdr-big-btn-left;
  background: $nav-big-btn-bg;
  padding: 0 6px;
  color: $white !important;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 1;
  font-size: 1em;
  font-weight: 200;
  border-radius: $border-radius;
  @include well;
  transition: background .2s ease;
}

a.big-btn:focus,
a.big-btn:hover {
  background: $nav-big-btn-bg-hover;
}

a.big-btn:active {
  background: $nav-big-btn-bg;
  /* color snaps back on button press */
  transition: none;
}

a.big-btn span { 
  display: table-cell;
  vertical-align: middle;
  /* undo menu item nudging  */
  top: 0;
  height: $hdr-big-btn-height;
  width: $hdr-big-btn-width;
}

.nav-social { 
  /* overlap .header-logo-patch */
  position: relative;
  z-index: 1;
  float: right;
  padding-right: .875em;
}

.icon-twitter-sign, 
.icon-twitter-sign:visited, 
.icon-facebook-sign,
.icon-facebook-sign:visited {
  position: relative;
  opacity: 0.75;
  text-shadow: 0 2px 1px rgba(255,255,255, 0.4), 
    0 0 10px rgba(204,232,229, 0.5);
}

.icon-twitter-sign:focus, 
.icon-facebook-sign:focus,
.icon-twitter-sign:hover, 
.icon-facebook-sign:hover{
  top: -1px;
  opacity: 1;
  text-shadow: 0 2px 1px rgba(0,0,0, 0.2);
}

.icon-twitter-sign:active, 
.icon-facebook-sign:active {
  top: 0;
  opacity: 1;
  text-shadow: none;
}

.icon-twitter-sign:before, .icon-facebook-sign:before {
  display: block;
  padding-left: .25em;
  font-family: 'FontAwesome';
  font-size: 44px;
  /* vertically align middle */
  line-height: $hdr-topwell-height;
}

.icon-twitter-sign:before {
  content: "\f081";
  color: $twitter-bg;
}

.icon-facebook-sign:before {
  content: "\f082";
  color: $facebook-bg;
}

/* MAIN */

.main { 
  background-color: $tan;
  background-image: $main-bg-image; 
  /* padding-top = height of header on right (column-2) */
  padding: $hdr-top-height 2em 2em 2em;
}

/* extra padding-top for header "overhang" */
.column-1 {
  padding: $hdr-side-total-height + $padding-small 2em 2em 2em;
}

/* elements that reach the edges of .main need to fall 
   under edge shadow to maintain "cut-out" illusion */
.well-left, well-right, .well-sides {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden; 
}

/* corrected from article - left and right needed pseudos */
.well-left:before, 
.well-right:after, 
.well-sides:before,
.well-sides:after {
  content: "";
  display: block;
  position: absolute;
  /* higher than any z-index in .main, lower than header */
  z-index: 99;
  top: -1*$shadow-size;
  height: 120%;
  width: $shadow-size;
  background: transparent;
}

.well-left:before, .well-sides:before {
  left: 0;
  @include well-left; 
}

.well-right:after, .well-sides:after {
  right: 0;
  @include well-right;
}

/* UTILITY */
/*
 * Clearfix: contain floats
 *
 * For modern browsers
 * 1. The space content is one way to avoid an Opera bug when the
 *    `contenteditable` attribute is included anywhere else in the document.
 *    Otherwise it causes space to appear at the top and bottom of elements
 *    that receive the `clearfix` class.
 * 2. The use of `table` rather than `block` is only necessary if using
 *    `:before` to contain the top-margins of child elements.
 */

.clearfix:before,
.clearfix:after {
    content: " "; /* 1 */
    display: table; /* 2 */
}

.clearfix:after {
    clear: both;
}

/*
* Hide only visually, but have it available for screenreaders: h5bp.com/v
*/
.visuallyhidden, .screen-reader-text {
  border: 0;
  clip: rect(0 0 0 0);
  height: 1px;
  margin: -1px;
  overflow: hidden;
  padding: 0;
  position: absolute;
  width: 1px;
}

/*
 * Extends the .visuallyhidden class to allow the element to be focusable
 * when navigated to via the keyboard: h5bp.com/p
 */
.visuallyhidden.focusable:active, .screen-reader-text.focusable:active,
.visuallyhidden.focusable:focus, .screen-reader-text.focusable:focus {
  clip: auto;
  height: auto;
  margin: 0;
  overflow: visible;
  position: static;
  width: auto;
}

/* MEDIA QUERIES */

/* Mobile example - e.g., iPhone5 landscape width = 568px */
@media only screen 
and (max-device-width : 599px) {
 
  .header-top { 
  /* unpin header so it scrolls with content */
    position: absolute; 
  }
  
  /* even if you keep the header fixed, you might 
     change width to 100% for better mobile zooming */
  .page-wrap, .header-wrap { 
    width: 100%; 
  }

}

/* A full-on responsive layout would reconfigure the 
   layout - this is just a gesture as an example */

/* lose countoured bottom at smaller width - 
   when menu items overflow 2 lines */

@media only screen 
and (max-width : 512px) {

  .nav-main ul { 
    height: $hdr-side-height - $hdr-topwell-height - $hdr-menu-item-padding-top;
    background: none; }

  /* taller left-side "tab" bg + shadow  */
  .header-content:before,
  /* rounded corner under menu - left */
  .nav-main ul:after { 
    display: none;
  }

}
    
@media only screen 
and (max-width : 320px) {
 
  .header-top { 
  /* unpin header so it scrolls with content */
   position: absolute; }
  
  /* even if you keep the header fixed, you might 
     change width to 100% for better mobile zooming */
  
  .page-wrap, .header-wrap { 
    width: 100%; }

}


/* Presentational CSS Below */

/* force a vertical scrollbar to prevent a jumpy page */
html {overflow-y: scroll;}

body {
  line-height: 1.3125; }

/* ensure there's enough to scroll */
.main { padding-bottom: 30em; }

figure {
  margin: 1.5em auto 1em;
  padding: 8px;
  background: #eaeaea;
  text-align: center; }

figcaption {
  margin: .5em 0;
  color: #999;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 85%;
  font-style: italic; }

h1 {margin: 0; line-height: 1.0625;}

h2 {color: #777; font-weight:300;}

header h2 {margin:0; color: #666;}

a, a:visited { color: $blue; }

a:active, a:focus, a:hover { color: darken($blue, 15%); }

code {
  background: lightyellow;
  padding: 1px .25em;
  font-family: Menlo, Monaco, monospace;
  font-size: 90%;}

pre[rel]{
    position: relative;
    padding: .875em 0 0; }

pre[rel]:before{
    content:attr(rel);
    color:white;
    position:absolute;
    top:0;
    left:0;
    width:100%;
    background:#e18728;
    font-family: sans-serif;
    padding:5px 0;
    text-indent:15px; }

pre code {
  display: block; padding: 1.5em; }

pre code i {
  color: #bba;
  font-style: italic; 
  font-weight: 200; }

pre code i span {
  color: #2cb; }


.nowrap, nobreak, .nobr { white-space: nowrap; }

            
          
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